Magistrate Judge Cheryl L. He will be arraigned at a later date. A number of Nxians were residents of the Eastern District of New York when they were recruited, and Nxivm has held promotional recruiting events in Brooklyn. Mack is credited in publicly available materials with co-creating a Nxivm program, called The Source, which recruited actors. Raniere stood alone at the top of the pyramid.
Other than Raniere, all members of DOS were women. Mack is one of the women in the first level of the pyramid immediately below Raniere. Mack and other DOS masters recruited DOS slaves by telling them that they were joining a women-only organization that would empower them and eradicate purported weaknesses that the Nxivm curriculum taught were common in women. During the branding ceremonies, slaves were required to be fully naked, and a master would order one slave to film the branding while the others restrained the slave being branded. According to court filings, Mack directly or implicitly required her slaves, including Jane Does 1 and 2, as identified in the Indictment, to engage in sexual activity with Raniere.
Much like their male counterparts, women in the Allied countries were clamoring to get in the game from the moment war broke out. For the most part, the men in charge were like, "We're, uh, not exactly sure what to do with you. We're doing it anyway. These are just a few of them — some famous, some obscure, all ridiculously courageous.
Photo via the CIA. We must find and destroy her" was an actual thing the Gestapo said about Virginia Hall, an American operative in Vichy France, who helped gather vital intelligence for Britain in the early years of the war. Despite the fact that her country — the United States — had yet to enter the war.
Despite the fact that women weren't generally considered spy material by the prevailing dudes in charge. Despite walking with a limp on a prosthetic leg , which made her as easily identifiable as, say, James Bond in every movie ever. Seriously, does anyone in the world not know James Bond is a spy? How is it even possible he's still undercover at this point? Who can I talk to about this?
When America did finally enter the war, Hall was forced to escape by herself, on foot, over the Pyrenees mountains, all while still only having one leg. Upon arriving in Spain, she promptly pleaded to be sent back, which she ultimately was — this time to occupied France, where she helped train the French resistance, cut Nazi supply lines, and generally cause mass chaos in preparation for the Allied landing at Normandy.
While being literally hunted by Nazis. Hall is pictured above receiving an award for her service, probably wondering how many Gestapo agents the old dude giving her the award has fled while wearing heels. Photo via the U. Air Force. Before the Untied States entered World War II, aviator Jacqueline Cochran — who had already proven that she could fly a plane faster than any woman or man alive — politely asked Gen. Hap Arnold to let women fly in the U.
No thanks. For the next three years, Cochran trained female pilots — who came to be known as WASPs — to pilot American military aircraft. She became the first woman to fly a bomber across the Atlantic Ocean. She supervised the training program, which spanned bases, until when it was discontinued by the military because of, like, cooties or whatever.
That didn't stop Cochran, however. After the war, she became the first woman to break the sound barrier. It's comforting to think that, if you or I lived in Nazi Germany, we'd have the guts to march right into Hitler Headquarters and slap Hitler in the face personally. In reality, however, we'd most likely be the guy 19 rows deep in the parade , frantically waving our tiny swastika flag, thinking, "Please don't look at me, pleasedontlookatme, pleasedontlookatme pleasepleaseplease.
Disgusted by the rumors of mass slaughter on the Eastern Front and the deaths of an ever-growing number of her countrymen, Sophie — only 21 at the time — her brother Hans, and their friend Christoph Probst began distributing leaflets at the University of Munich denouncing the Nazis and calling for resistance among the German people. Their flyers eventually spread around Germany to the University of Hamburg and beyond, and into one of the few genuine flare-ups of internal political resistance against Hitler during the war. Sophie, Hans, and Probst were eventually captured by the Gestapo, tried, and executed for treason.
Her last words were: "What does my death matter, if through us thousands of people are awakened and stirred to action? As an ambulance driver and the only woman in the French Foreign Legion, Travers was stationed at the Free French fort Bir Hakeim in Libya when it was surrounded by German troops she refused to leave, even when the other female staff were evacuated.
Travers and the soldiers inside bravely held out for 15 days — until their supplies ran out and it became clear that no help was coming.
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That's when Travers hopped in her truck, presumably put on her finest Arnold Schwarzenegger voice unclear how she knew to do this, as this was five years before Schwarzenegger was even born — but lady knew what was up , and said, "Come with me if you want to live. The squad launched a daring nighttime escape with Travers at the wheel of the lead vehicle.
Her truck took 11 bullets, but she ultimately made it to Allied lines and helped save the lives of 2, Free French soldiers in the process. It is rumored that Susan Travers never secreted a single drop of sweat at any point in the next 71 years.
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She was just. After her whole family was massacred by the Nazis in the Lenin ghetto in Poland, Faye Schulman fled into the nearby woods, where she joined a group of resistance fighters. A skilled photographer, Schulman participated in a daring raid to rescue her photography equipment and proceeded to take a series of incredible photographs that captured the rarely seen daily lives of partisan fighters during the war.
As the only Jewish woman in the group, Schulman kept her identity secret throughout much of the war, all while documenting the bravery and sacrifice of her cohort. I was a photographer. I have pictures. I have proof. Frances Eliza Wills and Harriet Ida Pickens, however, were the first to do it while black — and contend with the ridiculous amount of racism that came along with that.
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In an era when the military was still segregated, Wills and Pickens overcame institutional barriers, a mountain of prejudice, and social expectations just to claim a job that thousands of their white peers were granted simply by showing up. They became the first black female officers in the U. Movie star Veronica Lake had the most famous haircut in the world in the early s. Then World War II happened, and she changed it. For patriotism. Worried the thousands of American women who were copying her signature "peek-a-boo" cut were endangering themselves as they moved into heavy industrial work, Lake publicly restyled her long, flowing, wavy hair — a 'do that was driving her thriving film career — into a And because the world can be an awful, unfair place, her job offers started slowly drying up.
Though she did film a few movies after the war, her career never really recovered. No haircut will ever be as patriotic. That's right.
How to Write a Heroine's Journey
I'm looking at you, red-white-and-blue mohawk. Gertrude Boyarski at her wedding. Photo provided by Jewish Partisan Education Foundation , used with permission. After fleeing Derechin, a Polish Jewish ghetto, with her parents and siblings , Boyarski — a teenager at the time — watched in horror as each member her family was gunned down one by one in sneak attacks by SS troops and their local allies. Boyarski continued to flee until she eventually linked up with a Russian partisan group, telling its commander, "I want to fight and take revenge for my whole family. Believing this to be one of the most Russian things anyone has ever said, the commander admitted Boyarski into the unit.
Shortly after joining the group, Boyarski and a friend raided a local village, acquired a crap-ton of kerosene, and burned down a bridge the Germans used to move people and supplies. Even as the Nazis figured out they'd been had and started firing back, Boyarski and her friend continued to curb-stomp the bridge, breaking off pieces with their bare hands and feet, presumably cackling to themselves and high-fiving the whole time.
Occasionally with her bare hands.
Your Happily Ever After
Known as "The White Mouse" by her German pursuers, Wake spent much of the war as an Allied operative in France, helping escaped POWs and others wanted by the Germans flee to Spain, running messages between the British military and French resistance — and, of course, choking the life out of various Nazis. Wake passed away peacefully in at the ripe old age of 98 and is presumably reluctantly but efficiently strangling Nazis in the afterlife. When word finally came down, Nadezhda Popova was like, "Aw yeah.
Strap up, ladies. Let's go. As a member of the feared "Night Witches" squadron, Popova flew missions in an old biplane mostly at night , was shot down numerous times, and blew up lots of valuable German military equipment in the process. See that smile? That's the smile of a woman who knows she could easily take you and all your grandpas one-on-one. For most of the late s and '40s, Hedy Lamarr was just your average world-famous actress who appeared in countless films alongside the likes of Charles Boyer, Spencer Tracy, and Clark Gable — and also invented a critically important military technology in her spare time.
Unbeknownst to many who saw her on screen, Lamarr was a passionate inventor — and, as an Austrian immigrant, an ardent Nazi despiser. Working with composer George Antheil, Lamarr discovered an ingenious method of preventing enemy ships from jamming American torpedoes by making radio signals jump between frequencies, rather than stay on a single channel.
To put this in perspective, it's sort of like if Eva Green built the first drone, or Jessica Chastain came up with the idea for cruise missiles. As a foreigner, a non-member of the military, and a woman, Lamarr's invention went largely ignored until the s, when some dude scientists unearthed it and put it to use during the Cuban Missile Crisis and probably took all the credit for it at parties. It's also basically the reason we have things like GPS, Bluetooth, and advanced guided missile technology. The reason Jessica Chastain didn't have to invent cruise missiles? Hedy freakin' Lamarr did it first.
Following her husband's death on the battlefield in North Africa , Violette Szabo volunteered for the British Special Operations Executive and was paradropped into occupied France with orders to generally wreck stuff and raise hell. Szabo did so more than ably — destroying Nazi infrastructure like it was her job — for several months, until she and a fellow resistance fighter drove straight into a German roadblock while out on a mission.