Refine more Format Format. Items in search results. Search refinements Categories. Books 2. Nonfiction 1. Collectibles 1. Format see all Format. All Listings filter applied. Buy It Now. Hardcover 1. Not Specified 1. Special Attributes see all Special Attributes. Condition see all Condition. It was not, however, until Harrison became President, that this was brought about. James Russell Lowell, head of the American Copyright League, was another leader aiding the passage of this bill. After its passage, the American Copyright League continued constantly to work for improvements in the copyright law.
The League has now changed its form, and, strengthened by the backing of The National Association of Book Publishers, has become the Copyright Committee of that organization. In the absence of international copyright, prior to , American authors suffered with their English confreres because they had to compete with books from England that had no protection and could be published without royalty. This condition made it impossible for American publishers to pay suitable royalties to American authors.
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The passage of the bill, however, changed this situation radically, to the great benefit of our own writers. Among its effects was the practical destruction of the series of paper-bound books which flooded the country, such as the Munro Seaside Library and Harper's Franklin Square Library. The lack of copyright protection worked in two ways, one of which has just been indicated. The other was that a publisher bringing out an American edition of an English book, even though he paid an honorarium or a small royalty to the author — as was frequently done by the best houses — might see at any time competing editions unhampered by such payments.
This provided some excuse for such small payments as were made. It is interesting to note that the Library of Congress is using its air-conditioned room to preserve the "paper backs" of the old piratical days. A just copyright bill should enable the copyright owners to control not only the sale of the actual books but all their various uses. Readings over the radio, the use of photostats, phonographic readings, and now the new photo-films all present serious problems affecting the rights of publisher and author which call for a proper solution.
In an effort to replace the fat sales of paper books slaughtered by international copyright in our canny producers tried the experiment of thin, cheaply made paper-covered editions of copyrighted novels which had been widely popular when first issued in cloth. Soon two able and enterprising young bookmen, Alexander Grosset and George Dunlap, looking for new worlds to conquer, conceived the brilliant idea of rebinding these books in cloth and increasing their price to fifty cents.
This plan they developed into the still better one of renting plates of books — issued as a rule two years previously — from publishers on a royalty basis and manufacturing well-made cloth-bound books, known in the trade as reprints.
The enterprise of Grosset and Dunlap and of A. Later on this has been confirmed by the failure of experiments made with paper-bound books, although attractively manufactured.
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John W. Lovell tried the venture of publishing cloth-bound fiction at twenty-five cents, with the co-operation of certain department stores; but manufacturing costs, even for very large printings, proved too much for him. Later conditions made it imperative to raise the prices of reprints to seventy-five cents, but their sales continued unabated.
Nearly thirty years later came the reprints of serious books in the "Star Books" and, more recently, the "Blue Ribbon Dollar Books," with further great sales. The wide distribution of all these reprints naturally has had some adverse effect on the sales of higher-priced new books, and one unfortunate tendency of some retailers has been toward turning their shops into reprint bazaars with meager supplies of the newly published books needed to tempt readers in search of the best thought and talent of the moment. New books of are of necessity higher in price than those of fifty years ago, as is true of many other forms of merchandise.
Costs of manufacture, due chiefly to a justifiable rise in the cost of labor, are greater, royalties are larger and the costs of distribution including indispensable advertising are greatly increased. All this is not balanced by the mechanical improvements of the machine age. Serious books, in less demand, were not much, if at all, lower than today, although prices for these are considerably lower than those of Extremely long novels —- long enough to be made into three-volume sets at 30 shillings as was frequently done in England years ago —- have recently been numerous and successful in a single volume at three dollars.
There is undoubtedly much complaint of book prices, but they are nevertheless low in view of costs of manufacture, overhead and royalty. Anyway the public does not begrudge paying a reasonably high price to hear a great singer.
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Why should it not pay reasonably for a good book which provides equal and longer-continued pleasure? A natural result of the depression has been the refusal of the public to continue to buy limited, autographed editions at high prices. The business in these volumes has been somewhat artificial anyway. Fifty years ago, when reprints were as undreamed of as radio sets, American publishing as a whole was quite unorganized. The evil of price-cutting was then as now working cruel injury to the book-trade and many retailers were forced out of business.
The situation became so alarming that in the American Booksellers' Association and The American Publishers' Association were organized, the latter with Charles Scribner 2nd, as President.
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This struggle to maintain list prices uniformly throughout the United States was carried on in accordance with justice, with the true needs of the public and with law as interpreted by the ablest counsel available. In a law suit brought by R. Such united work in maintaining retail prices as that which was thus condemned as conspiracy in this country has been approved and encouraged in European countries more civilized than our own in this respect. It is to be hoped that our Federal lawmakers will some day see this matter in its true light and will discriminate between books and nearly all other merchandise, for books are so easily and so disastrously injured by unfair dealing and are so vital to the education, culture and recreation of our people.
Protection for a limited period after publication was given to new books under the recent Code. The Blue Bird, as General Hugh Johnson called it, was indeed in this, as in Maeterlinck's play, "for happiness"; but this was shortlived and the old misery returned when the N. An example of the extremes "loss leaders" will reach was found in a personal experience.
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I asked an assistant to get me a volume of the Modern Library published at 95 cents. When he handed the book to me and I asked its cost, the answer was: "Nine cents. Department store price war. The decision of the Supreme Court in the Macy case resulted in the death of the American Publishers' Association in Hiltman as President following a brief period of organization under a temporary President. Necessarily avoiding matters of price protection, the organization has flourished and been of the greatest value because of its activities in promoting the distribution of books, in improving trade practices and in many other ways.
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Such problems as these are now being discussed in New York, which has been America's great publishing center for fully half a century. The industry, first conducted in numerous scattered cities, became nationally dominant in Philadelphia then in Boston and finally in New York, with Boston and Philadelphia still very important to the book output of the country.
Nearly all had flourishing retail departments, half of which have since been separated from them or abandoned. Frank N. Doubleday, then with Scribner, and later associated with S. McClure, Walter H. Individuals such as the heads of the houses just mentioned have been responsible for publishing successes more than has been the fact in many other activities; for the business is one that depends greatly on personality. Among the notable examples of this essential of great publishing in the '80s and '90s, some of whom have already been mentioned in connection with copyright or otherwise, were William W.
Brett, of Macmillan's, Thomas Y. Crowell, Frank H. Dodd, George H. Doran, E. Dutton and his associate John Macrae, Col. George B. Harvey of Harper's, Henry Holt, J. Bertram Lippincott, James W. Mifflin, Charles J. Revell, Frank H. Scott of the Century Company and Charles Scribner 2nd. Publishing houses that once achieve real importance seem to be blessed with long lives.
Those whose chiefs have just been mentioned have generally maintained their high standing in the industry. Although they have kept their original names, however, few of them have any descendants of the founders. There is no Harper in Harper's, no Appleton in Appleton and so on along the line, with a few exceptions such as Crowell, Dodd, Lippincott and Scribner.
In these four companies the third generation of the name is active. Practically all the publishers I have mentioned, old and young, have given their chief attention to the cultivation of the field of miscellaneous books. Share your images. Expected to ship within 7 - 11 working days. Is the information for this product incomplete, wrong or inappropriate?
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