Sulzberger , the paper's publisher, and his father, Arthur Ochs Sulzberger Jr. Nicknamed " The Gray Lady ",  the Times has long been regarded within the industry as a national " newspaper of record ". Since the mids, The New York Times has greatly expanded its layout and organization, adding special weekly sections on various topics supplementing the regular news, editorials, sports, and features. Morgan ,  Christopher Morgan ,  and Edward B.
We shall be Conservative , in all cases where we think Conservatism essential to the public good;—and we shall be Radical in everything which may seem to us to require radical treatment and radical reform. We do not believe that everything in Society is either exactly right or exactly wrong;—what is good we desire to preserve and improve;—what is evil, to exterminate, or reform. In , the newspaper started a western division, The Times of California , which arrived whenever a mail boat from New York docked in California.
However, the effort failed once local California newspapers came into prominence. The hyphen in the city name was dropped on December 1, One of the earliest public controversies it was involved with was the Mortara Affair , the subject of twenty editorials in the Times alone.
The riots, sparked by the beginning of drafting for the Union Army , began on July 13, On " Newspaper Row ", across from City Hall , Henry Raymond stopped the rioters with Gatling guns , early machine guns, one of which he manned himself. The mob diverted, instead attacking the headquarters of abolitionist publisher Horace Greeley 's New York Tribune until being forced to flee by the Brooklyn City Police , who had crossed the East River to help the Manhattan authorities. In , Henry Raymond died, and George Jones took over as publisher. In the s, The New York Times gradually transitioned from supporting Republican Party candidates in its editorials to becoming more politically independent and analytical.
The slogan has appeared in the paper since September ,  and has been printed in a box in the upper left hand corner of the front page since early In , during the Republican National Convention , a "4 A. Airplane Edition" was sent to Chicago by plane, so it could be in the hands of convention delegates by evening. Ochs died in ,  and was succeeded as publisher by his son-in-law, Arthur Hays Sulzberger. The crossword began appearing regularly in , and the fashion section first appeared in The New York Times began an international edition in Dryfoos died in ,  and was succeeded as publisher  by his brother-in-law, Arthur Ochs "Punch" Sulzberger , who led the Times until , and continued the expansion of the paper.
The paper's involvement in a libel case helped bring one of the key United States Supreme Court decisions supporting freedom of the press , New York Times Co. In it, the United States Supreme Court established the " actual malice " standard for press reports about public officials or public figures to be considered defamatory or libelous. The malice standard requires the plaintiff in a defamation or libel case prove the publisher of the statement knew the statement was false or acted in reckless disregard of its truth or falsity.
Because of the high burden of proof on the plaintiff, and difficulty in proving malicious intent, such cases by public figures rarely succeed. The case foreshadowed another major libel case, Steven J. Hatfill v. The New York Times Company, and Nicholas Kristof ,  resulting from the anthrax attacks which included powder in an envelope opened by reporter Judith Miller inside the Times newsroom. Hatfill became a public figure as a result of insinuations that he was the "likely culprit" put forth in Kristof's columns, which referenced the F. Hatfill sued him and the Times for defamation and intentional infliction of emotional distress.
After years of proceedings, the Supreme Court declined to grant certiorari in the case, leaving Dr. Hatfill's case dismissed since he had not proved malice on the part of the Times. The Times was involved in a similar case in which it agreed to pay a settlement to Dr. Wen Ho Lee who was falsely accused of espionage. The New York Times began publishing excerpts as a series of articles on June Controversy and lawsuits followed.
The papers revealed, among other things, that the government had deliberately expanded its role in the war by conducting air strikes over Laos , raids along the coast of North Vietnam , and offensive actions taken by U. Marines well before the public was told about the actions, all while President Lyndon B. Johnson had been promising not to expand the war. The document increased the credibility gap for the U. His words to National Security Advisor Henry Kissinger included "People have gotta be put to the torch for this sort of thing The newspaper appealed and the case began working through the court system.
On June 18, , The Washington Post began publishing its own series. Ben Bagdikian , a Post editor, had obtained portions of the papers from Ellsberg. That day the Post received a call from the Assistant Attorney General, William Rehnquist , asking them to stop publishing.
When the Post refused, the U. Justice Department sought another injunction. The U. District court judge refused, and the government appealed. On June 26, , the U. United States , U. On June 30, , the Supreme Court held in a 6—3 decision that the injunctions were unconstitutional prior restraints and that the government had not met the burden of proof required. The justices wrote nine separate opinions, disagreeing on significant substantive issues. While it was generally seen as a victory for those who claim the First Amendment enshrines an absolute right to free speech , many felt it a lukewarm victory, offering little protection for future publishers when claims of national security were at stake.
In the s, the paper introduced a number of new lifestyle sections including Weekend and Home, with the aim of attracting more advertisers and readers. Many criticized the move for betraying the paper's mission. On September 7, , the paper switched from an eight-column format to a six-column format.
The overall page width stayed the same, with each column becoming wider. The New York Times was involved in a significant controversy regarding the allegations surrounding Iraq and weapons of mass destruction in September The New York Times switched to a digital production process sometime before , but only began preserving the resulting digital text that year.
In September , The New York Times announced that it would be combining certain sections effective October 6, , in editions printed in the New York metropolitan area. The presses used by The New York Times allow four sections to be printed simultaneously; as the paper had included more than four sections all days except Saturday, the sections had to be printed separately in an early press run and collated together. The New York Times ' announcement stated that the number of news pages and employee positions will remain unchanged, with the paper realizing cost savings by cutting overtime expenses.
In , the newspaper began production of local inserts in regions outside of the New York area. Beginning October 16, , a two-page "Bay Area" insert was added to copies of the Northern California edition on Fridays and Sundays. The newspaper commenced production of a similar Friday and Sunday insert to the Chicago edition on November 20, The inserts consist of local news, policy, sports, and culture pieces, usually supported by local advertisements.
Following industry trends, its weekday circulation had fallen in to fewer than one million. In August , the paper reduced the physical size of its print edition, cutting the page width from Because of its steadily declining sales attributed to the rise of online alternative media and social media , the newspaper has been going through a downsizing for several years, offering buyouts to workers and cutting expenses,  in common with a general trend among print news media.
In December , the Times published " Snow Fall ", a six-part article about the Tunnel Creek avalanche which integrated videos, photos, and interactive graphics and was hailed as a watershed moment for online journalism. In , reporters for the newspaper were reportedly the target of cyber security breaches.
The Federal Bureau of Investigation was reportedly investigating the attacks. The cyber security breaches have been described as possibly being related to cyberattacks that targeted other institutions, such as the Democratic National Committee. In October , the Times published a 14,word investigation into Donald Trump 's "self-made" fortune and alleged tax fraud, an month project based on examination of , pages of documents. The lengthy article ran as an eight-page feature in the print edition and also was adapted into a shortened 2, word listicle featuring its key takeaways. In May the New York Times announced that it would present a television news program based on news from its individual reporters stationed around the world and that it would premiere on FX and Hulu.
In , it moved to Nassau Street, and in to 41 Park Row , making it the first newspaper in New York City housed in a building built specifically for its use. The newspaper moved its headquarters to the Times Tower, located at Broadway in ,  in an area called Longacre Square, that was later renamed Times Square in honor of the newspaper. Discriminatory practices restricting women in editorial positions were previously employed by the paper.
The newspaper's first general woman reporter was Jane Grant , who described her experience afterwards. She wrote, "In the beginning I was charged not to reveal the fact that a female had been hired". Other reporters nicknamed her Fluff and she was subjected to considerable hazing. Because of her gender , promotions were out of the question, according to the then-managing editor. She was there for fifteen years, interrupted by World War I.
Even those who witnessed her in action were unable to explain how she got the interviews she did. She never had to grovel for an appointment. When women were eventually allowed in to hear the speeches, they still were not allowed to ask the speakers questions, although men were allowed and did ask, even though some of the women had won Pulitzer Prizes for prior work. She chose a difficult subject, an offensive subject. Her imagery was strong enough to revolt you. The New York Times has had one slogan. Within 10 days, the FTC responded that it was not.
Again in , a competition was held to find a new slogan, this time for NYTimes. Over 8, entries were submitted. As of [update] , the newspaper had six news bureaus in the New York region, 14 elsewhere in the United States, and 24 in other countries. To facilitate their reporters and to hasten an otherwise lengthy process of reviewing many documents during preparation for publication, their interactive news team has adapted OCR technology into a proprietary tool they entitle, Document Helper. It enables the team to accelerate the processing of documents that need to be reviewed.
During March, , they documented that this tool enabled them to process documents in less than ten minutes in preparation for reporters to review the contents. Class A shareholders are permitted restrictive voting rights while Class B shareholders are allowed open voting rights. The Ochs-Sulzberger family trust controls roughly 88 percent of the company's class B shares. Any alteration to the dual-class structure must be ratified by six of eight directors who sit on the board of the Ochs-Sulzberger family trust.
The Trust board members are Daniel H. Cohen, James M. Cohen, Lynn G. Dolnick, Susan W. Dryfoos, Michael Golden, Eric M. Lax, Arthur O. Sulzberger Jr. Turner Catledge , the top editor at The New York Times from to , wanted to hide the ownership influence. Arthur Sulzberger routinely wrote memos to his editor, each containing suggestions, instructions, complaints, and orders.
When Catledge would receive these memos he would erase the publisher's identity before passing them to his subordinates. Catledge thought that if he removed the publisher's name from the memos it would protect reporters from feeling pressured by the owner. The position of public editor was established in to "investigate matters of journalistic integrity"; each public editor was to serve a two-year term.
Brisbane — , Margaret Sullivan — served a four-year term , and Elizabeth Spayd — In , the Times eliminated the position of public editor. When referring to people, The New York Times generally uses honorifics , rather than unadorned last names except in the sports pages, Book Review and Magazine.
The New York Times printed a display advertisement on its first page on January 6, , breaking tradition at the paper.
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In August , the Times decided to use the word " torture " to describe incidents in which interrogators "inflicted pain on a prisoner in an effort to get information. The paper maintains a strict profanity policy. A review of a concert by punk band Fucked Up , for example, completely avoided mention of the group's name. Times politics editor Carolyn Ryan said: "It's a rare thing for us to use this language in our stories, even in quotes, and we discussed it at length," ultimately deciding to publish it because of its news value and because "[t]o leave it out or simply describe it seemed awkward and less than forthright to us, especially given that we would be running a video that showed our readers exactly what was said.
In the absence of a major headline, the day's most important story generally appears in the top-right column, on the main page. The typefaces used for the headlines are custom variations of Cheltenham. The running text is set at 8. Some sections, such as Metro, are only found in the editions of the paper distributed in the New York—New Jersey—Connecticut Tri-state area and not in the national or Washington, D.
From to , The New York Times published around 60, print issues containing about 3. Like most other American newspapers ,  The New York Times has experienced a decline in circulation. Its printed weekday circulation dropped by 50 percent to , copies from to Formerly a joint venture with The Washington Post named The International Herald Tribune , The New York Times took full ownership of the paper in and has gradually integrated it more closely into its domestic operations. The New York Times began publishing daily on the World Wide Web on January 22, , "offering readers around the world immediate access to most of the daily newspaper's contents.
In September , the paper decided to begin subscription-based service for daily columns in a program known as TimesSelect , which encompassed many previously free columns. It pains me enormously because it's cut me off from a lot, a lot of people, especially because I have a lot of people reading me overseas, like in India I feel totally cut off from my audience. Although beginning in April , the number of free-access articles was halved to just ten articles per month.
Any reader who wanted to access more would have to pay for a digital subscription. This plan would allow free access for occasional readers, but produce revenue from "heavy" readers. Subscribers to the paper's print edition get full access without any additional fee. Some content, such as the front page and section fronts remained free, as well as the Top News page on mobile apps. Sullivan announced that for the first time in many decades, the paper generated more revenue through subscriptions than through advertising.
The newspaper's website was hacked on August 29, , by the Syrian Electronic Army , a hacking group that supports the government of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad. The food section is supplemented on the web by properties for home cooks and for out-of-home dining. The New York Times Cooking cooking. The newspaper's restaurant search nytimes. In February , The New York Times Company reported increased revenue from the digital-only subscriptions, adding , new subscribers to a total of 2.
Digital advertising also saw growth during this period. At the same time, advertising for the print version of the journal fell. It was created via a collaboration between the newspaper and Microsoft. Times Reader takes the principles of print journalism and applies them to the technique of online reporting. Times Reader uses a series of technologies developed by Microsoft and their Windows Presentation Foundation team.
In , The New York Times created an app for the iPhone and iPod Touch which allowed users to download articles to their mobile device enabling them to read the paper even when they were unable to receive a signal. In , the newspaper also launched an app for Android smartphones, followed later by an app for Windows Phones. The New York Times began producing podcasts in Several of the Times podcasts were cancelled in The Spanish language version features increased coverage of news and events in Latin America and Spain.
The expansion into Spanish language news content allows the newspaper to expand its audience into the Spanish speaking world and increase its revenue. The project was led by Craig S.
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Smith on the business side and Philip P. Pan on the editorial side. The site's initial success was interrupted in October that year following the publication of an investigative article [b] by David Barboza about the finances of Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao 's family. Despite Chinese government interference, however, the Chinese-language operations have continued to develop, adding a second site, cn.
The China operations also produce three print publications in Chinese. Traffic to cn. The editor-in-chief of the Chinese platforms is Ching-Ching Ni. Because of holidays, no editions were printed on November 23, ; January 2, ; July 4, ; January 2, ; and January 1, Because of strikes , the regular edition of The New York Times was not printed during the following periods: .
The New York Times editorial page is often regarded as liberal. Eisenhower in ; since , it has endorsed the Democratic Party nominee in every presidential election see New York Times presidential endorsements. The New York Times was criticized for the work of reporter Walter Duranty , who served as its Moscow bureau chief from through Duranty wrote a series of stories in on the Soviet Union and won a Pulitzer Prize for his work at that time; however, he has been criticized for his denial of widespread famine, most particularly the Ukrainian famine in the s.
Von Hagen found Duranty's reports to be unbalanced and uncritical, and that they far too often gave voice to Stalinist propaganda. In comments to the press he stated, "For the sake of The New York Times' honor, they should take the prize away. AND then there was failure: none greater than the staggering, staining failure of The New York Times to depict Hitler's methodical extermination of the Jews of Europe as a horror beyond all other horrors in World War II — a Nazi war within the war crying out for illumination.
According to Frankel, harsh judges of The New York Times "have blamed 'self-hating Jews ' and ' anti-Zionists ' among the paper's owners and staff. Then, too, papers owned by Jewish families, like The Times, were plainly afraid to have a society that was still widely anti-Semitic misread their passionate opposition to Hitler as a merely parochial cause. Even some leading Jewish groups hedged their appeals for rescue lest they be accused of wanting to divert wartime energies.
At The Times, the reluctance to highlight the systematic slaughter of Jews was also undoubtedly influenced by the views of the publisher, Arthur Hays Sulzberger. He believed strongly and publicly that Judaism was a religion, not a race or nationality — that Jews should be separate only in the way they worshiped. He thought they needed no state or political and social institutions of their own. He went to great lengths to avoid having The Times branded a Jewish newspaper.
He resented other publications for emphasizing the Jewishness of people in the news. In the same article, Frankel quotes Laurel Leff , associate professor of journalism at Northeastern University , who concluded that the newspaper had downplayed the Third Reich targeting of Jews for genocide. Her book Buried by the Times documents the paper's tendency before, during and after World War II to place deep inside its daily editions the news stories about the ongoing persecution and extermination of Jews, while obscuring in those stories the special impact of the Nazis' crimes on Jews in particular.
Leff attributes this dearth in part to the complex personal and political views of the newspaper's Jewish publisher, Arthur Hays Sulzberger , concerning Jewishness , antisemitism , and Zionism. After Ochs death in , his son-in-law Arthur Hays Sulzberger became the publisher of The New York Times and maintained the understanding that no reporting should reflect on The Times as a Jewish newspaper. Sulzburger shared Ochs' concerns about the way Jews were perceived in American society. His apprehensions about judgement were manifested positively by his strong fidelity to the United States.
At the same time, within the pages of The New York Times, Sulzburger refused to bring attention to Jews, including the refusal to identify Jews as major victims of the Nazi genocide. To be sure, many reports of Nazi-authored slaughter identified Jewish victims as "persons.
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Laurence was "on the payroll of the War Department ". The Times supported the invasion of Iraq. Bush administration 's position, for which The New York Times later apologized. In May , The New York Times reporter Jayson Blair was forced to resign from the newspaper after he was caught plagiarizing and fabricating elements of his stories. Some critics contended that African-American Blair's race was a major factor in his hiring and in The New York Times ' initial reluctance to fire him.
The newspaper was criticized for largely reporting the prosecutors' version of events in the Duke lacrosse case. Stuart Taylor Jr. The study authors said that the Times was "the most slanted in a pro-Israeli direction" with a bias "reflected For its coverage of the Israeli—Palestinian conflict , some such as Ed Koch have claimed that the paper is pro-Palestinian, while others such as As'ad AbuKhalil have insisted that it is pro-Israel.
Foreign Policy , by political science professors John Mearsheimer and Stephen Walt , alleges that The New York Times sometimes criticizes Israeli policies but is not even-handed and is generally pro-Israel. Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu rejected a proposal to write an article for the paper on grounds of lack of objectivity.
A piece in which Thomas Friedman commented that praise awarded to Netanyahu during a speech at congress was "paid for by the Israel lobby" elicited an apology and clarification from its writer. In February , a Village Voice music blogger accused the newspaper of using "chintzy, ad-hominem allegations" in an article on British Tamil music artist M. National Security Agency warrantless surveillance program. Contact with former agency officials began the previous summer. In , PBS Frontline interviewed Risen and Lichtblau, who said that the newspaper's plan was to not publish the story at all.
Another reporter told NPR that the newspaper "avoided disaster" by ultimately publishing the story. On June 16, , The New York Times published an article reporting the deaths of six Irish students staying in Berkeley , California when the balcony they were standing on collapsed, the paper's story insinuating that they were to blame for the collapse. The paper stated that the behavior of Irish students coming to the U. Bernstein, whose wife owns two nail salons, asserted that such illegally low wages were inconsistent with his personal experience, and were not evidenced by ads in the Chinese-language papers cited by the story.
In September and October , nail salon owners and workers protested at The New York Times offices several times, in response to the story and the ensuing New York State crackdown. Epstein additionally argued that The New York Times had mistranslated the ads cited in its answer to Bernstein, and that those ads actually validated Bernstein's argument. A study found that The New York Times fed into an overarching tendency towards national bias. During the Iranian nuclear crisis the newspaper minimized the "negative processes" of the United States while overemphasizing similar processes of Iran.
This tendency was shared by other papers such as The Guardian , Tehran Times , and the Fars News Agency , while Xinhua News Agency was found to be more neutral while at the same time mimicking the foreign policy of the People's Republic of China. In April , two black female employees in their sixties filed a federal class action lawsuit against The New York Times Company CEO Mark Thompson and chief revenue officer Meredith Levien, claiming age , gender , and racial discrimination.
The plaintiffs claimed that the Times advertising department favored younger white employees over older black employees in making firing and promotion decisions. The New York Times public editor ombudsman Elizabeth Spayd wrote in that "Conservatives and even many moderates, see in The Times a blue-state worldview" and accuse it of harboring a liberal bias.
Spayd did not analyze the substance of the claim, but did opine that the Times is "part of a fracturing media environment that reflects a fractured country. That in turn leads liberals and conservatives toward separate news sources. I want us to be perceived as fair and honest to the world, not just a segment of it. It's a really difficult goal. Do we pull it off all the time? Times public editor Arthur Brisbane wrote in "When The Times covers a national presidential campaign, I have found that the lead editors and reporters are disciplined about enforcing fairness and balance, and usually succeed in doing so.
Across the paper's many departments, though, so many share a kind of political and cultural progressivism — for lack of a better term — that this worldview virtually bleeds through the fabric of The Times. In mid, the newspaper's then-public editor Daniel Okrent , wrote an opinion piece in which he said that The New York Times did have a liberal bias in news coverage of certain social issues such as abortion and same-sex marriage. He stated that this bias reflected the paper's cosmopolitanism , which arose naturally from its roots as a hometown paper of New York City. Donald Trump has frequently criticized The New York Times on his Twitter account before and during his presidency; since November , Trump has referred to the Times as "the failing New York Times" in a series of tweets.
Sanders's campaign, but it hasn't always taken it very seriously. The tone of some stories is regrettably dismissive, even mocking at times. Some of that is focused on the candidate's age, appearance and style, rather than what he has to say. The Times has developed a national and international "reputation for thoroughness" over time. Nevertheless, like many other U. The prize is awarded for excellence in journalism in a range of categories. It has also, as of [update] , won three Peabody Awards and jointly received two. News Dallas Morning News.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Not to be confused with The Times of London. See also NYT disambiguation. Daily broadsheet newspaper based in New York City. Henry Jarvis Raymond George Jones. Media of the United States List of newspapers. Main article: New York Times Co. Main article: Pentagon Papers. This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. May Main article: New York Times controversies. Main article: List of awards won by the New York Times. Journalism portal New York City portal.
The New York Times. Retrieved April 26, February 22, Retrieved September 27, Retrieved November 5, The Economist. March 17, The New York Times Company. Read the Winning Work". Retrieved July 16, New York. Retrieved March 12, Retrieved September 16, Retrieved February 25, June 18, Retrieved January 26, June 15, Archived from the original on September 18, Retrieved September 19, Simon and Schuster. January International Directory of Company Histories. Retrieved January 8, City Room. History of the New York Times, July 24, New-York Daily Times.
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