Immediately after Poe's death, his literary rival Rufus Wilmot Griswold wrote a slanted high-profile obituary under a pseudonym , filled with falsehoods that cast him as a lunatic and a madman, and which described him as a person who "walked the streets, in madness or melancholy, with lips moving in indistinct curses, or with eyes upturned in passionate prayers, never for himself, for he felt, or professed to feel, that he was already damned ". It was soon further published throughout the country. The piece began, "Edgar Allan Poe is dead. He died in Baltimore the day before yesterday.
This announcement will startle many, but few will be grieved by it.
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Griswold somehow became Poe's literary executor and attempted to destroy his enemy's reputation after his death. Griswold wrote a biographical article of Poe called "Memoir of the Author", which he included in an volume of the collected works. There he depicted Poe as a depraved, drunken, drug-addled madman and included Poe's letters as evidence. For example, it is seriously disputed that Poe really was a drug addict. This occurred in part because it was the only full biography available and was widely reprinted, and in part because readers thrilled at the thought of reading works by an "evil" man.
After Poe's death, Griswold convinced Poe's mother-in-law to sign away the rights to his works. Griswold went on to publish the collected works attached with his own fabricated biography of Poe that invented stories of his drunkenness, immorality and instability. Poe's best known fiction works are Gothic ,  a genre that he followed to appease the public taste.
Beyond horror, Poe also wrote satires, humor tales, and hoaxes. For comic effect, he used irony and ludicrous extravagance, often in an attempt to liberate the reader from cultural conformity. Poe wrote much of his work using themes aimed specifically at mass-market tastes. Poe's writing reflects his literary theories, which he presented in his criticism and also in essays such as " The Poetic Principle ". Works with obvious meanings, he wrote, cease to be art.
Poe describes his method in writing "The Raven" in the essay " The Philosophy of Composition ", and he claims to have strictly followed this method. It has been questioned whether he really followed this system, however. Eliot said: "It is difficult for us to read that essay without reflecting that if Poe plotted out his poem with such calculation, he might have taken a little more pains over it: the result hardly does credit to the method.
During his lifetime, Poe was mostly recognized as a literary critic. Fellow critic James Russell Lowell called him "the most discriminating, philosophical, and fearless critic upon imaginative works who has written in America", suggesting—rhetorically—that he occasionally used prussic acid instead of ink. Poe accused Longfellow of "the heresy of the didactic", writing poetry that was preachy, derivative, and thematically plagiarized. Poe was also known as a writer of fiction and became one of the first American authors of the 19th century to become more popular in Europe than in the United States.
Baudelaire's translations became definitive renditions of Poe's work throughout Europe.
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Poe's early detective fiction tales featuring C. Auguste Dupin laid the groundwork for future detectives in literature. Sir Arthur Conan Doyle said, "Each [of Poe's detective stories] is a root from which a whole literature has developed Where was the detective story until Poe breathed the breath of life into it?
Wells noted, " Pym tells what a very intelligent mind could imagine about the south polar region a century ago". Traven , and David Morrell. Like many famous artists, Poe's works have spawned imitators. One of the most notable of these was Lizzie Doten, who published Poems from the Inner Life in , in which she claimed to have "received" new compositions by Poe's spirit.
The compositions were re-workings of famous Poe poems such as " The Bells ", but which reflected a new, positive outlook. Even so, Poe has received not only praise, but criticism as well. This is partly because of the negative perception of his personal character and its influence upon his reputation. It is believed that only 12 copies have survived of Poe's first book Tamerlane and Other Poems. Eureka: A Prose Poem , an essay written in , included a cosmological theory that presaged the Big Bang theory by 80 years,   as well as the first plausible solution to Olbers' paradox.
In particular, Poe's suggestions ignored Newtonian principles regarding the density and rotation of planets. Poe had a keen interest in cryptography. He had placed a notice of his abilities in the Philadelphia paper Alexander's Weekly Express Messenger , inviting submissions of ciphers which he proceeded to solve. Capitalizing on public interest in the topic, he wrote " The Gold-Bug " incorporating ciphers as an essential part of the story.
His keen analytical abilities, which were so evident in his detective stories, allowed him to see that the general public was largely ignorant of the methods by which a simple substitution cryptogram can be solved, and he used this to his advantage. Poe had an influence on cryptography beyond increasing public interest during his lifetime. William Friedman , America's foremost cryptologist, was heavily influenced by Poe.
The historical Edgar Allan Poe has appeared as a fictionalized character, often representing the "mad genius" or "tormented artist" and exploiting his personal struggles. No childhood home of Poe is still standing, including the Allan family's Moldavia estate. The collection includes many items that Poe used during his time with the Allan family, and also features several rare first printings of Poe works. Its upkeep is now overseen by a group of students and staff known as the Raven Society. Poe is believed to have lived in the home at the age of 23 when he first lived with Maria Clemm and Virginia as well as his grandmother and possibly his brother William Henry Leonard Poe.
Of the several homes that Poe, his wife Virginia, and his mother-in-law Maria rented in Philadelphia, only the last house has survived. In Boston, a commemorative plaque on Boylston Street is several blocks away from the actual location of Poe's birth. The winning design by Stefanie Rocknak depicts a life-sized Poe striding against the wind, accompanied by a flying raven; his suitcase lid has fallen open, leaving a "paper trail" of literary works embedded in the sidewalk behind him. A plaque suggests that Poe wrote "The Raven" here.
The bar still stands where legend says that Poe was last seen drinking before his death, in Fell's Point in Baltimore. The drinking establishment is now known as "The Horse You Came in On", and local lore insists that a ghost whom they call "Edgar" haunts the rooms above. Early daguerreotypes of Poe continue to arouse great interest among literary historians.
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A bottle of cognac and three roses were left at Poe's original grave marker for decades every January 19 by an unknown visitor affectionately referred to as the "Poe Toaster". Sam Porpora was a historian at the Westminster Church in Baltimore where Poe is buried, and he claimed on August 15, that he had started the tradition in Porpora said that the tradition began in order to raise money and enhance the profile of the church.
His story has not been confirmed,  and some details which he gave to the press are factually inaccurate. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses with the name Poe, see Poe disambiguation. This article is about the American writer. For a relative, see Edgar Allan Poe Maryland attorney general.
Virginia Eliza Clemm Poe m. Main article: Death of Edgar Allan Poe. Main article: Poe Toaster. Main article: Edgar Allan Poe bibliography. Horror portal Poetry portal Biography portal. Charleston [SC]: History Press. The Trustees of Boston College. Archived from the original on July 30, Retrieved May 26, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. Retrieved January 2, Second Session, Commencing February 1st, Fordham: A History and Memoir.
New York: Fordham University Press, 22— December 17, — March 31, Edgar Allan Poe: Rhetoric and Style. Globe Newspaper Company. Archived from the original on June 3, Retrieved April 9, Forgotten Chapters of Boston's Literary History. March 28 — July 30, Retrieved May 22, The Guardian.
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January 19, Archived from the original on January 20, Retrieved January 19, Ackroyd, Peter Poe: A Life Cut Short. Bittner, William Poe: A Biography. Boston: Little, Brown and Company. Houston,Texas The Houston Museum of Natural Science is a c 3 nonprofit organization that receives no federal or state funding. Tax ID Search contents of HMNS. Online Box Office Info: Glassell, Jr. Bakker, Ph. Joel A. Bartsch Daniel M.
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