Looking at the pictures, answer these questions, saying on or ei ole. Suomi kaunis? Onko Onko Onko Onko Onko nainen kaunis? More questions. Model question and answer: Onko poika vanha? Onko Onko Onko Onko nainen nuori? Onko Onko Onko Onko televisio vanha? Complete the sentences with suitable words. Se Suomi. Huone on pie kaunis on? On tuo mies on presidentti Koivisto. Listen to the following pairs of words and mark down the short and long conso nants in the middle of the word. Se on radio. Onko se uusi? Ei, se on vanha. Se on televisio. Millainen se on?
Se on pieni. Se ei ole iso talo. Ei ole. Onko se kaunis? Onko tuo auto uusi? Onko kuva kaunis? Nainen on kaunis. Onko Matti suomalainen poika? Onko Fiat saksalainen auto? Onko Peter Jones saksalainen? Answer the following questions, using complete sentences. Change roles and do it again. Cover the Finnish text with your hand and use the English as a prop for your memory. Change roles. Hei, Marie! Hei, Bill. En puhu. Model: Mies on vanha? Te olette afrikkalainen. Te puhutte ranskaa. Tuo mies on ulkomaalainen. Complete by adding the names of nationalities. Jean-Pierre Duval on..
Juan Mendoza Lin Tsheng on. Memorize Dialogue 4 and act it out with another person, changing roles.
Repea the dialogue but this time use your name and identity. Word review. Kiitos te suomalainen? En ok olen Peter, ranskaa? Puhutteko te suomea. Ahaa, te olette suomalainen kollega. Puhutteko te englantia? Mutta puhutteko te saksaa? Onko kaikki hyvin? Kaikki on hyvin.
Ja Suomi on kaunis maa. Duval's and Pekka Saari's field? Duval in Finland? In the following sentences, use poss. Mun nimi on Mikko Opas. Tuo Volvo on mun auto. Onko tuo Saab sun auto? Onko tuo sun radio vanha? Ask each of the following persons what their address and phone number is. Memorize the dialogue and act it out with another person, using your own identity and changing roles. Fill in the student-card for a new student who wants to join a language course. The information will be on the tape.
Minun nimeni on Kirsti Ranta. Minun osoitteeni on Eerikinkatu 16 C3. Ja minun kotimaani on Italia. Use complete J sentences. Make as many sentences as you like, using names of non-European countries and capitals as well. Se on Ville Vaara auto. Se on herra Ville Vaara auto. Se on mies auto. Kenen koti tuo on? Se on Jane Smith koti. Se on rouva Jane Smith koti. Se on nainen koti. Se on tuo nainen koti. Kenen tuo pallo on?
Se on Tapani pallo. Se on Tapani Salonen pallo. Se on poika pallo. Se on Leena nukke. Rewrite these colloquial sentences by using non-shortened forms of the pre nouns and adding the poss. Mun kotikaupunki on Barcelona. Ask "vai" questions about the pictures "Is the boy French or English?
Yksi Paul on sairas, yksi on vanha ja yksi on pieni mies. Paul A:n puhelinnumero on Paul B:n auto on Ford. Paul C on sairas. Ranskalainen on pieni mies. Paul C:n auto on Fiat. Saksalainen on vanha mies. Sairas mies ei ole saksalainen. Saksalaisen miehen puhelinnumero on Millainen mies on Paul A?
Millainen mies on Paul B? Millainen mies on Paul C? An exercise on the basic form of the verbs. You are talking to several people or to one person whom you call te. Millainen auto on? Kuinka se menee? Sano se nopea! Read aloud the following numbers: 15, 26, 48, 79, , , , , , , , , , 10 , , 1 A him how much the things cost, he tells you freely making up the prices , ai you write the prices down. Then check whether you got the prices corra change roles and go on with some other things.
Kuppi kupin o o] o o. Write them down in the blank spaces of exercise 9. Model: mies, talo, uusi — Miehen talo on uusi. Minun nimeni on Veikko Korhonen. Minun puhelinnumeroni on Tuon kirjan hinta on 40 markkaa. Minun on ja minun Helenankatu 14 A 1. John Smithin Onko Hollannin on Australia. Amsterdam Haag? Sen on 15, Kakskytkuus markkaa. Se on kallis kartta. Se on halpa. Se on oikein kaunis kaupunki. Onko uusi kallis hotelli Matinkadulla? Look at the map of Helsinki in lesson 37 of the Textbook.
Suomi-tytön kieli. Suggestopedinen alkeiskurssi. Osa 2
Begin your questions with "where? Make a couple of sentences using oikealla and vasemmalla as well. What are the questions? Bussi on vasemmalla. Yliopisto on Aleksanterinkadulla.. Ei, autoni ei ole tai kadulla.
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On, hotellini on Kalevankadulla. Saanko : Kaarina Ojanen — Minna Mattila. A review of interrogative words. Choose the correct interrogative word for each question from the list below. Kansallisooppera on? Answer these questions based on the dialogue you have just heard on the tape. On which street is Maxim Hotel? On which street is Finlandia Hotel?
Olen Aleksilla. Kuka tuo nuori mies on, turistiko? Right or wrong? Correct the statements that are wrong. Make "have" sentences according to the model. Kenen radio on? Radio on minun. Kello on sinun. Auto on minun. Piano on sinun. Sanakirja on Jussin. Say with complete sentences what the people in the picture have. Leena Aholla englantilainen nimi? Translate into Finnish. I think that it's very expensive. Do you think it's a good car? I don't know. Do you know that Bill Miller is here? Who's Bill Miller? He's that man over there. Onko sinulla?
Say now what each of these four persons has! Hei, Liisa! Onko sinulla markka? Mutta minulla ei ole pikkurahaa. Joo, minulla on paljon pikkurahaa. Yksi markkako vain? Se on Onko turisti taksissa?
Complete the following conjugations. Complete the following sentences. Me kahvia. Pekka maksaa kaunis ilma. Note that it may mean either "to be" or "to have". Liisa laulaa hyvin. Te olette kotona. Me maksamme nyt. Kaikki istuvat. Te saatte rahaa. Me puhumme hyvin. Nina tanssii kauniisti.
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Model: Talo on iso. Suomi on helppo kieli. Me olemme nyt kotona. Herra Lahtinen on vanha. Tuo kirja maksaa paljon. Asuntoni on kallis. Complete the following story with the verbs listed below. Rouva Miller nyt kaupassa. Most of them start with the word haluaisitko which means "would you like to". Olemme Turun kaupungissa. Istumme nyt Rautalan perheen kauniissa asunnossa Aurankadulla.
Timo istuu pianotuolilla ja soittaa. Timo soittaa oikein hyvin. Vaimoni ja poikani ovat paljon yksin. Complete the following conjugations on the basis of the forms given, inf. Model: Kuka kirjoittaa? Kuka soittaa? Kuka oppii helposti? Kuka ottaa kahvia? Turn the following sentences into questions. Petri soittaa hyvin. Me opimme nopeasti. Te opetatte japania. Ot te kahvia? Ot he kahvia? Tie te paljon? Kuka on Jussi? Millainen Arton perhe on? What are you doing now? I'm sitting at home and studying.
What will you do tomorrow? I think that I'll study tomorrow, too. Does Tom play the guitar kitaraa? Is he playing the guitar now? Will he play the guitar at the Virtanen's Virtasella tomorrow? Opiskeletteko te suomea? Onko James amerikkalainen? Suomeako te opiskelette? Amerikkalainenko James on? Model: Onko tao mies Ville? On kylla. Asuuko Liisa tuolla? Oppiiko Kalle hyvin espanjaa? Olemmeko nyt Mikonkadulla? Maksaako sanakirja paljon? Tao mies on Ville. Niin on. Liisa asuu tuolla. Kalle oppii hyvin espanjaa. Olemme nyt Mikonkadulla. Sanakirja maksaa paljon. What are the questions to these answers?
Onko englanti kieli? Miksi why? Lukemista Reader Tuolla tulee Nina. Kiva, saat olla laiska. No, onko kurssi helppo vai vaikea? Mutta minulla on stipendi. Notice: 3rd person singular has ee at the end! Notice the double consonants kk in the personal forms! This verb must be followed by a noun, NOT another verb.
What are you talking about? Whom are you talking about? Juan kuuntelee Ingan laulu a. The present tense is used for the present, present continuous and the future tense. There is no special marker for future. Teija tulee huomenna. Teija is coming tomorrow.
This form of the verb is really a passive form. It is used among other things as the imperative 1st person plural. The negative word is always ei and the last two letters of the actual verb are dropped. Ei puhuta suomea! The conditional marker isi is put in between the stem and the personal endings. When we want to express that we are going somewhere to do something or we are somewhere doing something we need to have the second verb of the sentence in a special form.
To make these forms, start from the 3rd person plural he -form of the verb. Notice the question! Do not confuse this form with the English present continuous to be doing something! Consonants k, p, t may change in a certain way when endings are added to the word verbs and nouns. Double consonats kk, pp, tt change into one consonant k, p, t. The change happens in the 1st and the 2nd persons singular and plural , not in the 3rd persons! Juan ottaa olutta. Notice: There are no possessive pronouns in Finnish. In the standard written Finnish we use possessive suffixes with or without the genitive form of the personal pronouns.
In everyday spoken language Finns tend not to use them. At this point it is enough for you to recognize them. Voitteko sanoa minulle , milloin suomen kurssi on? Voinko auttaa sinua? The personal pronouns have only two possible object forms: a special t -form sinut and the partitivive form sinua. In other words, they do not have a n -object form. If the sentence is negative, or the verb requires the partitive object, the personal pronoun is in the partitive form.
You will notice that even the pronouns are inflected, they take different forms depending e. Kenelle opettaja puhuu? Notice that the answer is in the partitive form. When we are describing what some food or drink is like, the adjective is in the partitive form. Notice also the question word, which is in the partitive form millaista? When we are talking about one concrete thing or e. What we are describing the subject of the sentence is always in the basic form.
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Millaista kahvi on? Millainen kahvila on? Kahvi on kallis ta. Kahvila on kallis. Tee on halpa a. Yliopiston kahvila on halpa. Olut on suomalaista. Viini on ranskalaista. When describing the atmosphere of a place it is fun there , the adjective is in the partitive form. Notice the word order!
The partitive is used for many different purposes, as you will notice. It has no direct equivalent in the Indo-European languages, so you better take it as a truly Finnish speciality. There are three different partitive singular endings. Notice: If the word ends in — ia , the ending is — a. The verbs often express continuous, unfinished action. The word after the question kuinka monta takes the partitive singular form:. Kuinka monta luento a Juanilla on maanantaina? With words expressing measure e. Partitive singular after the numbers 2,3,4…:. Add it to the name of the country or town.
Notice the exceptional forms:. This is the most common ending for the illative case. Notice that the vowel of the ending is the same as the last vowel of the word. This case is used for example with streets, squares and bus stops when answering the question where something is, someone lives etc. Notice: katu — kadulla on the street. Also: oikealla — on the right, vasemmalla — on the left.
The ending for the genitive singular is n. It is added to the stem of the word. Helsingi n yliopisto. Suome n kiele n laitos. Most of the endings are added to the inflectional? Words ending in -e have -ee before the ending:. Notice the partitive form! In Finnish the attributes adjectives and pronouns preceding a word are in the same case as the main word, i. The words ending in -i are devided into four groups. Notice the partitive form and the last vowel of the stem.
Learn Finnish – Opi suomea
Here are a few usefful examples of each group:. Add this suffix to a Finnish name of the country or town and you get the nationality adjective. Notice: The languages are written with the small first letter. This form will be discussed later. Remember: the vowel is a , if the word has any one of the following vowels: a, o or u Rolf puhuu saksa a. There are nouns which are in the t-plural form basic plural even though they mean one single thing, e.
Start from the 3rd person plural form of the verb. The consonants k, p, t change in nouns the same way as in verbs of the type 1. Here a few most common changes, for now. Minulla on yksi serkku. Juanilla on monta serkkua. Puhutteko te englantia? Puhuuko Juan espanjaa? Onko Aldo italialainen? Start the sentence with the adverb, the place where something is. The verb is always in the 3rd person singular.
Olohuoneessa on sohva. In the negative form the main verb is ei tarvitse. Notice that the negative word is ei in all the personal forms! Minun ei tarvitse opiskella suomea. Juanin ei tarvitse opiskella suomea. Notice that the Finnish sentence has no pronoun. The adjective is usually in the partitive form.
Notice, the difference between Finnish and English. The simpliest way to answer the question is to start with the word minusta in my opinion, I think. Take your pick! Minusta Suomi on kaunis maa. Juon kahvi a. Here are some basic rules:. J uan ostaa kirja n. Formal: Me ostamme kirja n. If the word does not have any of the vowels a, o or u the ending or the suffix cannot have those vowels either. Therefore we have two sets of endings and suffixes. Used when we are referring to a place where we are not at the moment.
Where to? Where from? Valencia on kaunis kaupunki. Tule Valenciaan! Oulu on pieni kaupunki. Notice that the nouns used with prepositions and postpositions always have to be in a certain form, e. In most cases the noun preceding the postposition is in the genitive form. The adjective attribute is in the same form as the main word:. An adjective can be emphazised with another adjective which is in the genitive form.
A few typical examples:. I speak Finnish. Can you do the can can? What Can you play more than one instrument including vocal training? Not even one Can you whistle? Can you curl your tongue? Can you click your fingers? Only with my left hand, even though I'm right-handed Can you touch type? Not even close, I'm typing with a few fingers Can you eat chilli? Some Can you read books with more than pages? If it's interesting enough and the cover of the book doesn't look hideous, yes I judge books by their covers Can you crack your knuckles?
Not too easily Can you crack your neck? Can you crack your toes? Sometimes Can you crack your fingers? Can you do the moon walk? Can you eat snails? Once did because a friend of mine insisted to taste one, didn't really like Can you cook? Pretty much yes Can you sing? Well, I can sing but my voice is horrible lol Can you dance? Not really Can you talk in chipmunk? Mmmmnah Can you raise your eyebrows? Can you raise one eyebrow? Can you sing the song banana phone? Can you eat mayonnaise straight out of the jar? Do you like pickles? Do you like pie?
Yes, tho it depends Do you like mayonnaise? Do you like tomato sauce? Do you like candy floss? Sort of Do you like pumpkin? I don't know if I have ever eaten Do you like asparagus? Not even a bit Do you like brussel sprouts? Do you like beans? Do you like silver beet? Do you like carrots? Do you like potato? Do you like kumura sweet potato? Do you like tomatoes? Do you like apples? Do you like bananas?
Do you like pears? Do you like oranges? Do you like mandarins? Do you like strawberries? Do you like blueberries? Do you like blackberries? Do you like peaches? Do you like raspberries? Do you like nectarines? Do you like music? I love music Do you like classical music? Do you like rock music? Do you like pop music?
Usually Do you like rap music? Do you like hip hop music? Do you like techno music? Do you like writing? Do you like reading? Do you like art? Yes Set 2. Do you like dancing? Do you like ipods and mp3s? Do you like animals? Yes 4. Do you like wild animals or domestic? Both 5. What's your favourite genre of music?
What's your favourite genre of book? What's your favourite food? What's your favourite candy? What's your favourite book? What's your favourite animal? Fox or orca What's your favourite season? Winter probably What's your favourite song? What's your favourite music composer? What's your favourite band? What's your favourite artist? What's your favourite author?
What's your favourite outfit? What's your favourite computer game? What's your favourite gaming console? PC What's your favourite place to be? Where ever Foxie is What's your favourite thing to do? Probably drawing, when I have inspiration and stuff What's your favourite movie? What's your favourite actor? Jensen Ackles What's your favourite actress? What's your favourite movie snack? Chocolate What's your favourite place to watch movies? Home What's your favourite accessory? What's your favourite art material to use? Copics What's your favourite place to work on your art?
At home What's your favourite drink? I really don't know What's your favourite flavor? What's your favourite eye colour? Green or blue What's your favourite hair colour? How many fillings do you have? None How many times have you brushed your teeth today? Once How many deviations do you have?
How many page views do you have? How many people have favourited your work? How many favourites do you have? No clue How many journal entries have you done? How many bookmarks computer? Too many How many things are on your desktop? What is your desktop picture right now? Fox What is your screen saver of? I don't have one What time is it?
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What is your computers hard drive called? What does this even mean in this case What's the name of the nearest book to you? Pyramidi kertauskirja Where are you right now? At home. What was the last movie you watched called? I think it was What have you got planned for tomorrow? To get some rest Black T-shirt and grey pants How many quizzes are in your journal? Too many. Do you like doing quizzes? YES Why are you doing this quiz? Favourite emote goes here : -. Favourite plz account goes here : - First word that comes to mind? Derp What day is it? What day is your birthday?
March 2nd How many days till your birthday? What do you want for a present? Just someone to spend some time with me What's the best thing you own? On which scale? What stereotype are you? What's your favourite word? It sounds kinda nice Do you have a cell phone? How many contacts do you have? What is your screen saver on your phone of? What games are on you phone? Too lazy to list them Is there something important you should be doing while you're doing this test? Probably Do you wish this quiz would end?
Nah Do you have an internet diary? Are your nails painted? Do you have highlights? Have a disorder? Have drugs? What did you do yesterday? Went to school while being sick, it was horrible Do you think anyone who watches you has read this far? How many people watch you?