Notes: A variation of this spell may have been used when Hermione Granger conjured a Christmas wreath to place on James and Lily Potter 's graves in The Gryffindor girl was speaking ill of Lestrange behind her back until Lestrange emerged from hiding nearby, and muted the Gryffindor girl with this spell.
Etymology: Possibly derived as a portmanteau of os, Latin for "mouth", and clausi a conjugated form of claudo , Latin for "I shut". It may additionally be a pun or wordplay on scusi, the Italian interjection for "excuse me". Side effects include mild drooling and a vacant expression. He uses it so that he and Harry can pass through the ring of fire used to ward off the Inferi.
Etymology: Partis is a plural form of the French verb partir , which means "to separate," "to go away," "to leave," or "to depart. Etymology: Periculum is Latin for "danger". Notes: It was commonly believed that Periculum was the incantation for Red Sparks mentioned in the book series.
It is implied that the portrait in the Muggle Prime Minister's office also has such a charm on it. Notes: It is never said whether the charm prevents the object from being removed by cutting away the section of wall. The incantation could be gluten sempra , meaning glue forever, or adher sempra , which means stick forever. Suggested Etymology: English pesky meaning "annoying", English pixie meaning "a supernatural being", English pester meaning "to annoy", English no for negative and English me for the first person pronoun.
Notes: It is not known if the spell works or not. It also suspiciously sounds like "Pesky pixie pester no me. Etymology: Latin petra , meaning "stone", and fieri past participle factus , meaning "to become"; totalus comes from Latin "totus", meaning "complete". Possibly used by Albus Dumbledore to enchant the statues on the fountain in the entrance to the Ministry of Magic Department. Etymology: Pier means "friend" or "colleague", totum refers to "the whole" or "total", and locomotor means "the movement of". Placement Charms can be used to place a bridle on a Kelpie to render it harmless and docile.
Note : This spell may be an invention of Hermione Granger; it is unclear in the Goblet of Fire text whether she invented it herself or found it through research. Given that the incantation is English whereas almost all other mentioned spells have incantations based on Latin or other old languages and that none of the other champions of the Tournament seem to use the spell, it seems likely that Hermione invented the spell.
Etymology: Latin porta , meaning "gate", or portare , meaning "to carry" as in to carry the caster or target to another location. There is a Latin word portus , meaning "harbour", but it is inappropriate in this context. However, the spell used in its creation was not seen until Etymology: Latin prior , "previous", and incantare , "to speak a spell" past participle incantatum.
Notes: Can manifest in the form of the Reverse Spell effect, or Priori Incantatem , when wands with the same core attempt to do battle. Notes 2 : Apparently the spell is cumulative, with the user able to go further back and see spells that the wand performed after the latest spell. Harry suggests this in Hermione does not contradict his claim, suggesting this is true. Protean Charm Type: Charm Description: Causes copies of an object to be remotely affected by changes made to the original. Hermione Granger put the charm on a number of fake Galleons. Instead of the serial number around the edge of the coin, the time and date of the next meeting of Dumbledore's Army appeared.
It is possible that this charm is used on the Death Eaters' Dark Marks. Proteus was a shape-shifter, able to take many forms. As a result, the word Protean has come to refer to versatility, flexibility, or an ability to assume many forms. Notes: On Hermione's fake galleons, when the date changes, the coin becomes hot, alerting the owner to look at the coin. This may not be a feature of the original charm. It may be a Flagrante Curse, when the Protean Charm changes the coin the curse may activate. It would seem from this that you can decide what the effects on the charmed objects are.
Possibly by saying something along the lines of "Protean flagrante. Notes 2 : The Protean Charm is a N. Albus Dumbledore uses a similar spell which reverses the construction of glass back into sand when Voldemort sent shards of glass to try to stab Dumbledore. Fred and George Weasley enchanted hats they dubbed "shield hats" with this spell in Etymology: Latin protego , "I cover" or "I protect". Notes: The original description of this spell states that it rebounds minor jinxes to the caster.
However, it is shown in the books that it can also be used to reflect or lessen the effects of more powerful spells, depending on the skill of the caster. In , it is also shown to be able to create a sort of force-field across an area, and is used frequently to prevent two participants in an argument from reaching each other.
Etymology: Latin Protego , "I protect", and Horribilis , "horrible , frightful, dreadful". A stronger and bigger version of Protego , especially when combined with other wizards casting it at the same time. Was so powerful that it could also disintegrate people that came too close and tried to enter it. Etymology: Latin protego meaning "to protect" and Latin totus meaning "as a whole".
Pus-squirting hex Type: Hex Description: Causes yellowish goo to squirt from one's nose. It is the counter-charm to the Amplifying Charm. Etymology: Latin quietus , "calm" or "quiet". Snatchers being desintegrated by the power of this spell combined with other protections. Harry Potter in the Duelling Club using Rictusempra.
Etymology: Possibly derived from the Latin "salveo," meaning "to be in good health," and used as a form of greeting and farewell, and a pseudo-Latin derivative of the English word "hex"—hence, "Farewell, hexes! Notes: Possibly the Hex Deflection spells the fake Moody mentioned in Sardine hex Type: Hex Description: Makes the victim sneeze out sardines.
Sauce-making spell Type: Conjuration Description: Conjures a creamy sauce from the tip of the wand. This implies that sauce is not considered "good food," as things suitable for consumption may created with the spell, such as birds. The snake created by Draco Malfoy Serpensortia. T Taboo Xenophilius Lovegood triggering the Taboo on purpose. V Vacuum cleaner spell Type: Charm Description: Cleans objects by using the wand to suck up dust like a vacuum cleaner.
Etymology: Ventus is a Latin word, meaning "wind". Also used by Ronald Weasley unsuccessfully in the same class thanks to his damaged wand. Verdillious Verdillious. Etymology: "Waddiwasi" comes from two words. Washing up spell Type: Charm Description: Enchanted dirty dishes to wash themselves. Etymology: "Wingardium" almost certainly contains English wing , meaning "fly"  , and Latin arduus , meaning "high" .
White sparks Type: Charm Description: Jet of white sparks. Notes: The incantation to this spell is almost certainly Baubillious. Sign In Don't have an account? Start a Wiki. Do you like this video? It is used to entrap an enemy in an area. Also mentioned that nobody can disapparate from Hogwarts; it is due to this jinx.
Anti-intruder jinx Type: Jinx Description: Prevents intruders from entering an area. Antonin Dolohov's curse Type: Curse Description: An unknown curse that causes injuries that are capable of killing with enough power. Etymology: Latin apparere , meaning "to appear"; -ium and -cium are common Latin noun endings. The destination is one that the primary user has been to or seen in some fashion previously.
Can be used to apparate multiple people at once if holding each other. No incantation required. In year six, Dumbledore uses it to take Harry to visit Slughorn. Year seven, Hermione, Ron, and Harry use it as they search for the horcruxes. Etymology: Aqua means, in Latin , water. Eructo is a verb meaning "I raise"; roughly translated, it means "I raise water".
He learned the spell from a diary , who attempted to use it in a memory. Etymology: From the Latin aranea , meaning "spider", and exuo , meaning "I lay aside". Can be used on multiple targets, as well as on the caster themselves. It was invented by Daisy Pennifold in for use on the Quaffle in Quidditch.
Etymology: Likely the combination of the Anglo- French arester , meaning "to bring to a stop" and the Latin momentum , meaning "the force or strength gained whilst moving"; the literal translation hence is "Bring the force or strength gained whilst moving to a stop". Arrow-shooting spell Type: Conjuration Description: Fires arrows from the caster's wand.
The charm also works underwater, propelling the caster above the surface. Etymology: Derived from Latin ascendo , meaning "to climb". It is accompanied by a flash of green light and a rushing noise. There is no known counter-curse that can protect the victim from dying, except for a loving sacrifice.
It is one of the three Unforgivable Curses. Rowling said "Does anyone know where avada kedavra came from? It is an ancient spell in Aramaic, and it is the original of abracadabra , which means "let the thing be destroyed". Originally, it was used to cure illness and the "thing" was the illness, but I decided to make the "thing" as in the person standing in front of me. I take a lot of liberties with things like that.
I twist them round and make them mine. Etymology: From Latin avis meaning "bird" and forma meaning "shape". Etymology: The incantation Avenseguim is likely derived from the portmanteau of avens, a Latin adjective for "eager" or "craving", and seguir, the Spanish and Portuguese verb meaning "to follow", or alternatively from the Catalan seguim, meaning "we follow". Taken together, Avenseguim can be interpreted as "to eagerly follow", which aptly characterises the behaviour of a tracking device.
When used in conjunction with Oppugno , it can be used offensively. Also employed offensively by Hermione Granger against Ron Weasley. Etymology: The Latin word avis means "bird". Used by the Hogwarts professors to enchant suits of armour. Etymology: Cantare is Latin for "sing". Also on the tent in which the Weasleys, Harry and Hermione stay during the Quidditch World Cup in ; the tent is also used by Harry, Ron and Hermione as shelter in Also, Hermione cast this spell upon her handbag in the same year. Etymology: From the Latin carpe , meaning "to seize" and retracto , meaning "I draw back".
Caterwauling Charm Type: Charm Description: Anyone entering the perimeter of this spell sets off a high-pitched shriek. This spell may be related to the Intruder Charm. Cauldron to badger Type: Transfiguration Description: Transforms cauldrons into badgers. Notes: This spell may be Badgering. Etymology: The incantation is a Latin phrase which translates to "beware of the enemy". Overuse of the spell may cause the target to break into an uncontrollable laughing fit. This spell was invented by Felix Summerbee. It was only seen in the film. Etymology: Aperio is Latin for "uncover" or "open"; Cista is Latin for "trunk" or "chest".
It is the counter-charm to the Unlocking Spell. Etymology: Perhaps a portmanteau of the Latin words colligere , which means "gather" and porta , which means "gate". Notes: This spell can easily be countered with Alohomora. Used by fifth-years in their OWLs. Etymology: Almost certainly a combination of English "colour" and "vary". Etymology: The incantation is direct Latin for "destroy". Notes: This spell seems to use heat for its explosion, while Expulso uses pressure instead.
It was used multiple times in and Etymology: The incantation, when non-capitalized, means "I confuse"; the title may derive from the Latin confundere , meaning "to confuse" or "to perplex. The Oculus Potion is able to counteract this curse. Dragons are particularly susceptible to this curse, as their hide makes them resistant to most spells, while their eyes remain vulnerable.
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Olympe Maxime used this spell on some giants in Etymology: "Conjunctivitis" is the technical term for "pink eye," demonstrating its effects of irritating the eye and causing it to shut. Cornflake skin spell Description: This spell causes the victim's skin to appear as though it was coated in cornflakes. Cracker Jinx Type: Jinx Description: This spell is used to conjure exploding wizard crackers ; it can be used in duelling to harm the opponent, but the force of the explosion may also affect the caster.
Cribbing Spell Type: Spell Description: This spell, which may possibly be a charm, is used to assist the caster in cheating on written papers, tests, and exams. It is possible that these spells can negate anti-cheating spells. Notes: This maybe be the spell that causes Harry to turn his eyebrow yellow in This curse does not physically harm the victim, but may in extreme cases drive them insane.
The pain is described as having hot knives being driven into the victim. It cannot be cast successfully by a person who is doing so out of pure spite or anger; one must feel a true desire to cause the victim pain. Etymology: Latin crucio means "I torture". Etymology: From the English duck , and the Latin forma meaning "shape". Etymology: Latin duro means "harden". Its countercurse is Redactum Skullus. Etymology: See etymology for above entry; "skullus" is Latin for "skull".
Precise effects unknown. Invented by Urquhart Rackharrow. Notes: This is part of a family of healing spells. Etymology: Epoximise comes from the English word epoxy , which is a type of adhesive. Notes: This spell may be the Permanent Sticking Charm or a variation. Etymology: Erectum is past principle of erigere , which is Latin for "to erect".
Notes: This is almost certainly a typo of Evanesco. Vanished things go "into non-being, which is to say, everything. Etymology: From "evanescene", meaning "something that is fleeting or disappears. Etymology: The Latin words everte , which means "to throw out" and statua , from the same language, meaning "image". The Patronus takes the form of an animal, unique to each person who casts it. The form of a Patronus can change when one has undergone a period of heightened emotion.
This is the only known spell effective against Dementors or Lethifolds. Etymology: Patronus means "protector" in Latin; in archaic Latin, it means "father"; considering the form Harry 's takes, this is interesting. Harry Potter 's signature spell. Etymology: Probably a combination of Latin expello , meaning "expel", and arma , meaning "weapon". It was also used differently in the Prisoner of Askaban PS2 video game, in which a pink coloured shield is formed to protect against jinxes.
Etymology: From expulsum , which is past principle of expellere , which means "expel". Fiendfyre Fiendfyre in the Room of Requirement caused by Vincent Crabbe Type: Curse Description: Unleashes cursed fire that takes the shape of animals that actively seek out living targets and burn anything in its path, including nearly indestructable substances such as horcruxes. In addition, this fire is made even more dangerous due to the fact that it is extremely difficult to control, and cannot be extinguished with normal or enchanted water.
Hermione Granger also used this in the film version of Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets to destroy Dobby's rogue Bludger after its Quidditch match. Etymology: Latin finire , meaning "to finish", and incantatem.
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Finger-removing jinx Type: Jinx Description: Removes a person's fingers. Etymology: From the Latin flagrate , meaning "a burn". Notes: This may be related to, or the incantation for Match to needle. Also seen in Harry Potter and the Cursed Child. Flying Charm Type: Charm Description: This spell is cast on broomsticks and flying carpets to allow them to fly.
Etymology: Latin furnunculus , meaning "petty thief", or English furuncle , a synonym for "boil". Fur spell Type: Charm Description: Causes fur to grow on the victim. Etymology: Most likely from Latin homo , meaning human, and "reveal", though the classical Latin form would be hominem instead of homenum , which shows Portuguese influence "man" is homem in Portuguese —indeed, Rowling speaks the language. Notes : It can be used non-verbally; Dumbledore does so to detect Harry underneath his Invisibility Cloak.
The charm has a powerful effect in that it is not fooled by various methods of concealment and disguise, such as invisibility cloaks , the Polyjuice Potion or transformed Animagi. Suggested Etymology: Latin homo meaning "person" and Greek morphosis meaning "shaping" Horn tongue hex Type: Hex Description: Transforms the target's tongue into a horn.
He quickly ruled it out, however, realising it would only give the dragon yet another way to attack him. This spell was first used on the Comet to prevent players from overshooting the goal posts and from flying off-sides. Horcrux-making spell 4 of Voldemort's horcruxes Type: Curse Description: This spell allows a part of a wizard's soul to pass into an object, thereby making the object a Horcrux.
One has to commit murder and take advantage of the soul's "splitting apart" by this supreme act of evil in order to be able to perform this spell, and it is probably very complex. In , Horace Slughorn described the spell to a young Tom Riddle as encasing a portion of the torn soul and placing it within an object. The spell itself is described in detail in a banned book known as "Secret of the Darkest Art", which Hermione Granger summoned from Albus Dumbledore's office near the end of their sixth year.
According to the text, use of this spell to separate the soul will make the remaining portion of the soul very fragile, and can only be reversed by "remorse" of the wrongs the creator had made; however, the pain caused by attempting to reverse the creation of a Horcrux can destroy the individual. Notes: When J. Rowling was asked about what the steps are to create a Horcrux Rowling declined to answer, saying that "some things are better left unsaid". However, in the Harry Potter Encyclopedia , it is explained, and the editor is said to have felt like vomiting after reading it.
Also used shortly after to melt snow. Also was used by Albus Dumbledore in to dry Harry's and his own robes. Quite possibly a form of Ventus. It is one of the many lesser variations of the Levitation Charm. Hurling Hex Type: Hex Description: Causes brooms to vibrate violently in the air and try to buck their rider off. Notes: May be related to the broom jinx. The victim is put into a trance-like state, and becomes very suggestible to the commands of the caster. However, those who are strong willed may learn to resist it.
One of the three "Unforgivable Curses," the use of this curse on another human results in capital punishment or life sentence in Azkaban. First seen in when Barty Crouch Jr , impersonating ex- Auror Alastor Moody , used it on a spider and later on students during a "class demonstration" in a Defence Against the Dark Arts class. While breaking into Gringotts in , Harry used it on a goblin and a Death Eater when they became suspicious. Etymology: Latin impero , I command, and English "imperious". Imperturbable Charm Type: Charm Description: Creates an invisible magical barrier on an object, such as a door.
This barrier bounces objects off of it, and muffles sounds. It was also used by Molly Weasley in the same year on the door of the room in which an Order of the Phoenix meeting was being held, in order to prevent her sons, Fred and George, from eavesdropping. Also used in , first by Ron to protect objects in Yaxley's office from rain, and then by Hermione to protect Harry , Ron and Griphook from the burning treasure in the Lestranges' vault. Etymology: It is said that the Latin impervius means and is the source of "impervious"; although it is the source of the word, it is better translated as impassable, as in a mountain peak.
Etymology: Probably English incarcerate , "to imprison". Possibly linked to the Latin in carcerem , "in to prison". Notes: A non-verbal version of this spell may have been used to tie up Remus Lupin by Severus Snape during the encounter in the Shrieking Shack , and then later Peter Pettigrew in It may also have been used by Quirrell in , although he is said to have merely "snapped his fingers". Also, it may have been the spell Antonin Dolohov used non-verbally to bind Ron Weasley with "shining black ropes" in a skirmish on Tottenham Court Road.
In , this spell was used several times in battle, most noticeably when Hagrid's hut was set ablaze.
It was also possibly used by Hagrid in to create a fire in the hearth before bringing Harry to London. Etymology: Latin incendere , "to set fire to ". Note that the first principal part of this verb meaning "I set fire" is incendo , not incendio ; Rowling's incantation does not match exactly any correct conjugation of the verb. A plausible but less likely source might be that it is a back-formation from the English word "incendiary," i.
This fire is said to be portable and blue, which may be a different enchanted fire, possibly the bluebells flames incantation. A page with a brief description including weaknesses and strengths of the charmed creature is added to the caster's Folio Bruti. He quickly decided it would be ineffective, because dragons do not have hair.
Notes: This spell has similar effects to the Hair-Loss Curse. The incantation is only used in the film adaptation of Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone. Etymology: Latin inflammo , or the verb inflammatio meaning "to set on fire". Created by Severus Snape. Etymology: Probably from the French langue "tongue" and the English "lock". Etymology: From Latin lepus meaning hare, and forma meaning "shape". Legilimens Legilimency Spell Type: Charm Pronunciation: Le-JIL-ih-mens Description: Allows the caster to delve into the mind of the victim, allowing the caster to see the memories, thoughts, and emotions of the victim.
Also during Occlumency lessons in Also used non-verbally by Snape on Harry in to allow him to see where Harry had learned the Sectumsempra spell. Etymology: Latin legere "to read" and mens "mind". Harry Potter learnt it by reading the notes written by the Half-Blood Prince. He used it on Ron. In the Order of the Phoenix film, Luna Lovegood somehow uses this against a Death Eater, although she speaks it, and the spell's name is unknown to any students until Half-Blood Prince.
Etymology: Latin levare , "raise" and corpus , "body" or "corpse". Etymology: Latin liberare , "to free", and corpus , "body" or "corpse". Notes: It is not clear why Levicorpus has a specific counter-spell, and is not neutralised by simply using Finite Incantatem , although this could be due to the fact that Snape invented the spell and therefore made it irreversible except by its specific counter-curse. Locomotor Locomotion Charm Type: Charm Pronunciation: loh-kuh-MOH-tor Description: Allows a witch or wizard to levitate a target a few inches off of the ground and then move said object in any given direction.
Similarly to the Summoning Charm , a specific object can be moved by calling the object aloud after saying the incantation. Filius Flitwick similarly used it to move Sybill Trelawney 's trunk after Dolores Umbridge sacked her. Parvati Patil and Lavender Brown used this spell to race their pencil cases around the edges of the table. A variation seen in is Piertotum Locomotor , which caused the statues of Hogwarts to be animated. Etymology: Latin locus place and moto , "set in motion" passive motor , or English locomotion.
Used by Harry Potter on Draco Malfoy, who deflected it, in One of the spells on Pottermore. Notes: It is unclear whether or how this spell is related to the Locomotor spell. It could, however, be that the curse "locks" any part of the body in accordance to where it is pointed, or moves the body into a position of the caster's choosing whilst placing them into an immobile state.
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It is possible that Draco had pointed his wand at Neville and the curse "locked" his legs together. Used in Pottermore. Etymology: Latin lumen , "light". Notes: opposite incantation, Nox , puts the light out. It is a variant of the Wand-Lighting Charm.
Etymology: Lumos plus Latin duo , "two". The incantation was only used in the film adaptation of Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone. Etymology: Derived from two words; the Latin lumen , meaning "light", and the Latin word for "sun", which in its accusative case is "solem". Notes: It is possible that the quality of the light is on the warmer solar end of the spectrum; Considering the known uses that the spell has been put to, it isn't that much of a stretch to presume that the spell is used to conjure Sunlight.
Also seen in over the castle to lure Albus Dumbledore to his death. It was apparently invented by Lord Voldemort. Etymology: Latin mors , "death", and mordere , meaning "to bite" or its French derivative mordre ; this would appear to be associated with the name of Lord Voldemort's followers, the Death Eaters. The English murder might also contribute. Notes: A possible translation might be "take a bite out of death", a fitting phrase for Death Eaters. The cold is accompanied with constant sneezing.
Muffliato Muffliato Charm Type: Charm Pronunciation: muf-lee-AH-to Description: Prevents others from hearing nearby conversations by filling peoples' ears with an unidentifiable buzzing.
Hermione’s bluebell flames
It was created by Severus Snape. As pointed out by Hermione , it is probably not Ministry of Magic approved. It was also used in by Hermione Granger in protection of the camp-site where Harry and she stayed in hiding.
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Etymology: English muffle , "to quiet", with a pseudo-Latin or pseudo-Italian ending. It may also be the same charm as when Harry accidentally changed the colour of his eyebrow, before he asked Luna to Slughorn's Christmas party. Unlikely, as that was performed as a Transfiguration exercise, which is rather unrelated to Charms. Could have possibly been used when Harry accidentally changed the colour of his teachers hair, in his Primary School. It is the counter-spell to Engorgio Skullus. Its counter-charm is the Engorgement Charm. Etymology: English reduce , "to shrink". Latin has a verb reducere , present tense reduco.
This is the source of the English "reduce", but has a different meaning. Notes: Whether Reducio could also be used by itself rather than countering Engorgio is unknown. If it could, it would shrink normal sized items into miniature versions of themselves. References in by Arthur Weasley to "shrinking door keys" make this seem likely. In stronger usages, disintegrates them. Etymology: English reduce , "to bring down;destroy". Notes : Reparo makes a good counter-curse. Refilling Charm Type: Charm Description: Refills whatever the caster points at with the drink originally in the container.
This may have also been in the Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows: Part 1 film as the water in the cups are shown refilling themselves. This sent all the record towers - previously summoned by Lestrange - flying backwards and spinning back into their original positions in the ground. Etymology: Reverte is derived from Latin for "you shall return", being a second-person imperative form singular, present, active of the verb reverto "I return, or turn back". Also used in and , when Hermione used this spell to free Mrs Cattermole from the chained chair and to free the Ukrainian Ironbelly on which they were to get out from Gringotts.
Paul Adams produced a magical spell on his return to Test cricket as South Africa took a grip on the first Test match against Bangladesh in Chittagong yesterday.
Cricket: Adams in five-wicket Test return. The Philippines in full bloom. That's the area Broad must look to hit in South Africa, and if he finds the same range he located in that magical spell of at The Oval, Strauss will have a real chance of toppling the No. He produced a demolishing magical spell , capturing five wickets for just 19 runs to send Pakistan Club reeling. Pakistan Club bow to Awali CC. Smouldering sirens set the silver screen alight as packed auditoriums fell under their magical spell.
By Nigel Cawthorne, published by Prion pounds 7. Reviewed by Becky Hodges. On Saturday, his players conjured up that total between the 36th and the 55th minutes, producing a magical spell of mayhem as opposed to five months of misery last term. That's four like it now says Smith.