It destroyed many parts of the city of Lisbon, the whole Baixa neighborhood had to be rebuilt. After the eartquake, a huge tsunami also took place with twenty meters high waves. About ten thousand people died in Lisbon. Diogo used to steal and falsify keys. Diogo Alves robbed his victims, blindfolded them, went to the top of the aqueduct with them and threw them. We are talking about a sixty five meters fall…. Many people were died, all in the same location, which was very weird.
So, you must be wondering how come the police was not suspecting…. At that period, little time had passed since the Liberal Revolution of This historical event happened in August, 24th of in the city of Porto. It had a huge impact on the Portuguese people. The country was going through a political and economical crisis.
Therefore, the authorities did not suspect a thing, they just thought it was a suicide wave because of the lower social classes having to deal with hunger and financial difficulties. This is why the authorities never got to investigate the first deaths! They got scared, and it was decided that the aqueduct would be closed. It actually remained closed for many decades! What did Diogo Alves do? This is why he is so famous and known as the Lisbon serial killer!
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In , he was finally caught by the authorities and was sentenced to the death penalty, which was the last one in Portugal. The decision of his sentence was issued in February, 19th of They separated the head from the body and studied it for several years. The Government is composed by the Prime-Minister and the Ministers.
Besides having executive powers the Government has legislative powers as stated directly in articles , no. This page has useful contact details and websites when available for all ministries , provincial governments and local authorities Districts and Municipalities. Members are elected by proportional vote to serve five-year terms. Last elections were held in and next will be held in Most legislation is proposed by the Executive although legislative initiative may also be taken by Individual Members of Parliament, Parliamentary Groups, Parliament Committees, the President and Government Members.
The Constitution determines the areas in which only the Parliament can pass legislation article no.
Portuguese Glossary - Law | Linguist Hub
The current constitution of Mozambique devotes an entire section to the court structure Title IX, article to article In Mozambique the courts are independent sovereign bodies that administer justice on behalf of the people. They guarantee and ensure compliance with the Constitution, laws and other legal provisions in force and safeguard the rights and legitimate interest of citizens and institutions article no. The main laws that regulate the Judiciary are:.
This has not yet been approved but some of its suggestions have been enshrined in the Constitution upon the revision. There has also been a proposal for new Bar Association Rules. Legal pluralism is now a recognized Constitutional principle in Mozambique article 4 of the Constitution hence there may be other instances devoted to dispute resolution, including conducted by traditional and religious leaders.
According to article of the Constitution there shall be the following courts in Mozambique:. The Judicial Courts decide on civil and criminal issues and have jurisdiction in all matters not attributed to other courts. It is composed by the President, Vice-President and a minimum of seven professional judges appointed by the President after consultation with the Superior Council of the Judiciary. The Supreme Court currently works as 1 st level court in a number of matters like criminal cases against public office holders etc.
Article no. The Organic Law of the Judicial Courts finally established that possibility. It also works as 2 nd level for district court decisions.
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Appeals from the decisions of the Provincial Courts go directly to the Courts of Appeals. There should be one Tribunal Judicial de Distrito for each of the nearly Districts in Mozambique but many of them have not yet been created. The Tribunal Administrativo Administrative Court was created in as the superior court in the hierarchy of the administrative, fiscal and customs courts article no.
The Administrative Court oversees the constitutionality and legality of administrative decisions issued by the public administration, administrative contracts and it also enforces regulations. This has not yet been created.
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Introduced in the Constitution the Constitutional Council was only established in when it finally embraced the task of administering justice in legal-constitutional matters article of the Constitution until then guaranteed by the Supreme Court. According to article of the Constitution the Constitutional Council has broad powers, one of the most relevant being judging the constitutionality of laws and legality of all other legislative acts and proposed referenda upon due request of:.
The President can also request the Constitutional Council to evaluate the constitutionality of all legislation submitted for enactment before ratifying it. When legislation is considered unconstitutional the President has to veto and return the proposed legislation to the Parliament article of the Constitution.
The Constitutional Council also works as an appeals court in constitutional matters. All court decisions that refuse the application of norms due to its unconstitutionality must be sent to the Constitutional Council article of the Constitution. Decisions from the Constitutional Council must be followed by all citizens and state bodies and are not subject to appeal article of the Constitution.
The Story of Diogo Alves: A Lisbon Serial Killer
They are mandatorily published in the Official Gazette and have the following format:. Although only recognized in the Constitution article no. These courts are widespread across the country. They deal with minor civil disputes and small crimes. Cases above a certain financial threshold or that involve imprisonment for more than 30 days should be referred to the judicial courts. UTREL is revising community courts law in order to adequate it to modern justice requirements, namely linking the community courts with the judicial courts through an appeals system.
During colonial times Mozambique was under Portuguese Law, although the traditional customary law was in many cases tolerated or tacitly accepted. When independence arrived, Mozambique obviously rushed to repeal the old colonial system and its laws and rulings. Courts base their judgements on legislation and there is no binding precedent as understood in common law systems. Nonetheless, the Constitution recognizes the existence of legal pluralism, i.
As to secondary sources, books are in reduced number both in English and Portuguese but there is a considerably large number of journal articles, studies and papers mostly in English , which can be found online albeit scattered through dozens of websites. Legislative initiative article of the Constitution shall belong to the:. Bills proposed by the Parliament are called projecto de lei and bills proposed by the Executive are know as proposta de lei.
All bills are deposited with the President of the Parliament who submits them to the relevant Parliamentary Committee for distribution to the Members of Parliament. Bills are then analysed by the relevant working group who shall issue a detailed report and opinion. Debate on the bills shall consist of a general first reading and a specialised second reading.
[The perception of risk among police officers from different areas of the State of Rio de Janeiro].
Likewise voting shall consist of a vote on the first reading, a vote on the second reading and a final overall vote. The Parliament may only deliberate and make decisions when more than half of its members are present and laws can only be approved if more than half of the votes of the members present article of the Constitution. Any draft laws that are definitively rejected shall not be assessed in the same legislative session. After voting the President of the Parliament signs the bill and submits them for enactment by the President. The President shall sign and promulgate every law within 30 days of receipt.
However, the President can refer any laws to the Constitutional Council to verify its constitutionality no. The Constitutional Council notifies the President of its decision and the President has then two options: either veto and remand the bill to the Parliament or promulgate within 30 days of being notified of the Constitutional Council decision. General news. CEPOL is continuously looking for external expertise to provide advice in the following specific thematic areas: migration particularly: cultural awareness with the focus on migration, migration facilitation methods in Middle East and North Africa, fundamental rights-based interview techniques , cybercrime and cybersecurity, particularly digital forensics, crime priorities deriving from Call for Experts.
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