Whitman said, a multitude. But unlike Mr. Whitman's "multitude," these little guys don't contradict me. One another, yes. Me, no, praise be. I will say this: I think Gary is a mite smarter than Larry. I suppose that's because there's not one drop of guile in that little amorphous blob of his. Sometimes, though, Larry gets it right. But he's usually right for the wrong reasons, which I guess isn't really right at all. Is it? For some reason, I picture Larry on a La-Z-Boy recliner reading a newspaper, occasionally agreeing out loud with something that he says HE said while Gary sits on a floral sofa and scrapbooks.
It's either that or sleeping. For some reason, I think they sleep a lot. The most overused and least understood word in business is "strategy. It's why most projects are unsuccessful. With keen insight and a rapier wit, Howell J.
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This irreverent, unorthodox book will get everyone on the same page, using the same definitions for the same words, in no time at all. I Have a Strategy No You Don't dislodges conventional thinking about strategy in a way that is creative and provocative, playful and serious at the same time. Malham appreciates how globalization has changed the game; our thinking about strategy needs to change with it.
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What a clever book. Understanding the concept of strategy is more essential than ever before. And it's even better to learn it through the fascinating approach that Howell Malham demonstrates in this must-read. Convert currency. Add to Basket. Compare all 14 new copies. Book Description Condition: New. Seller Inventory n. More information about this seller Contact this seller. Book Description John Wiley and Sons.
Condition: New. Brand New. Seller Inventory Language: English. Brand new Book. Seller Inventory BTE New copy - Usually dispatched within 2 working days. Seller Inventory B Book Description Jossey-Bass, Book Description Shipping may be from multiple locations in the US or from the UK, depending on stock availability. Seller Inventory M Never used!. Seller Inventory P Condition: Brand New. In Stock. Seller Inventory BD Publisher: Jossey-Bass , This specific ISBN edition is currently not available. View all copies of this ISBN edition:. Synopsis About this title A smart and witty take on strategy.
An open and visual book that defines the most over-used and least understood business term: strategy Author is the co-founder of Insight Labs Produced in a wry style, this book offers a witty, inventive take on a common business problem At a time when business in general is groping in the dark for new solutions to persistent problems, this book is a breath of fresh air, reminding readers that they have to build a foundation before they can scale the walls.
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Did you just get tired of correcting people? They create opportunities for students to practice and sharpen a number of skills, including the ability to articulate and defend positions, consider different points of view, and enlist and evaluate evidence. While discussions provide avenues for exploration and discovery, leading a discussion can be anxiety-producing: discussions are, by their nature, unpredictable, and require us as instructors to surrender a certain degree of control over the flow of information. Fortunately, careful planning can help us ensure that discussions are lively without being chaotic and exploratory without losing focus.
For discussions to accomplish something valuable, they must have a purpose. Consider your goals for each discussion. How do the ideas and information to be discussed fit into the course as a whole? What skills, knowledge, perspectives, or sensibilities do you want students to walk away from the discussion with? Your goals for a particular discussion should be consistent with your course objectives and values as an instructor. You might, for example, want students to be able to:.
When you can clearly envision the purpose of the discussion, it is easier to formulate stimulating questions and an appropriate strategy for facilitating the discussion. Communicating your objectives to your students, moreover, helps to focus their thinking and motivate participation.
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After determining the objectives for your discussion, ask yourself: How will I make sure that students meet these objectives? Plan the discussion out, even if you end up deviating from your plan. Some of the questions to consider when formulating a plan include:. Your answers to these questions will depend on your goals.
For example, correcting factual inaccuracies might be critical in some circumstances, less so in others.
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Digressions may be productive if your primary purpose is to explore connections, and undesirable if the goal of your discussion is more focused. One of the most important things to consider when formulating a strategy is how to get the discussion jump-started.
Davis and Frederick provide a number of excellent suggestions. Good questions are the key to a productive discussion. These include not only the questions you use to jump-start discussion but also the questions you use to probe for deeper analysis, ask for clarification or examples, explore implications, etc. It is helpful to think about the various kinds of questions you might ask and the cognitive skills they require to answer.
Davis lists a range of question types, including:. While you might frame the entire discussion in terms of a Big Question to grapple with, it is a good general strategy to move from relatively simple, convergent questions i. Starting with convergent questions helps discussion participants to establish a base of shared knowledge and builds student confidence; it also gives you, the instructor, the opportunity to correct factual inaccuracies or misconceptions before the discussion moves into greater complexity and abstraction.
Asking a variety of types of questions can also help to model for students the ways that experts use questions to refine their analyses. For example, an instructor might move an abstract discussion to a concrete level by asking for examples or illustrations, or move a concrete discussion to a broader level by asking students to generate a generalization or implication.
When instructors are nervous that a discussion might flag, they tend to fall prey to some common questioning errors. These include:. Asking too many questions at once: Instructors often make the mistake of asking a string of questions together, e. Do you agree with him? Is his evidence convincing? Did you like this article? Asking a question and answering it yourself: We have all had the experience of asking a question only to encounter blank stares and silence.
The temptation under these circumstances is to jump in and answer your own question, if only to relieve the uncomfortable silence. Be careful not to preempt this process by jumping in too early. Failing to probe or explore the implications of answers: One mistake instructors can make in leading a discussion is not to follow up sufficiently on student contributions. It is important not only to get students talking, but to probe them about their reasoning, ask for evidence, explore the implications of what they say, etc. Follow-up questions push students to think more deeply, to substantiate their claims, and consider the practical impact of particular perspectives.
Asking unconnected questions: In the best discussions, there is a logical progression from question to question so that, ultimately, the discussion tells or reveals a story. When you are planning your discussion questions, think about how they fit together. Ignoring or failing to build on answers: If students do not feel like their voices have weight in discussion, their motivation to participate drops. What would be some possible consequences if this plan of action were followed? Discussions tend to be most productive when they have a clear focus.
It may be helpful to write out a few questions that the discussion will address, and return to those questions periodically. While some lulls in discussion are to be expected while participants are thinking, for example the instructor must be alert to signs such as these that a discussion is breaking down Davis, :.
If the discussion seems to be flagging, it can help to introduce a new question or alter the task so as to bring a fresh kind of thinking or a different group dynamic to bear. For example, you might switch from discussing an ethical issue in the abstract to a concrete case study, or shift from large-group discussion to small group or pair-work.
It is important to leave time at the end of the discussion to synthesize the central issues covered, key questions raised, etc. There are a number of ways to synthesize. Synthesizing the discussion is a critical step for linking the discussion to the original learning objectives and demonstrating progress towards meeting those objectives. While students generally enjoy discussions, they may have difficulty recognizing what they gain from participating in them — in contrast with lectures, in which students may take copious notes and have a sense of having covered clearly discernable ground.
It is helpful to tell students up front how you think the skills they gain from participating in discussion will help them in academic and future pursuits. Discussions for this class will give you the opportunity to practice that skill. As we talk, think about a conversation with a colleague in medical school and imagine how you would articulate this argument and suggest a productive fusion of both approaches to medicine.
Below are some strategies that can help encourage meaningful student participation. Plan an icebreaker early in the semester that gets students talking and interacting, preferably while doing an activity that is integral to the content material for the course. Also, create a climate in which students feel comfortable taking intellectual risks: respond to their comments respectfully, even when you correct or challenge them, and make sure perhaps by establishing clear behavioral ground rules that their peers do as well. Discussions tend to be most productive when students have already done some preparatory work for them.
It can be helpful to give assignments to help students to prepare for discussion. Preparatory assignments help students focus their reading and their thinking, thus facilitating a higher-quality discussion. Students are more likely to participate if they feel that they are recognized as individuals. Often, students must learn how to enter meaningfully into a discussion. One way to encourage students to engage in the style of intellectual exchange you desire is to model good discussion techniques in your own behavior, using language that demonstrates, among other things:.
In the interests of modeling a particular style of intellectual exchange, some instructors invite a colleague to their class and engage in a scholarly discussion or debate for the benefit of their students. On its own, instructor modeling is not likely to affect student behavior, however. It is also important to explicitly point out the kinds of discussion skills illustrated above and to distinguish high-quality contributions e. Explicit ground rules or guidelines can help to ensure a respectful environment for discussion.
The ground rules you use will depend on your class size and goals, but may include provisions such as these:. You can set these ground rules yourself and specify them in your syllabus, or have students help create them. Click on these links to see examples of ground rules and a template for creating student-generated ground rules.
If a subset of students seems reluctant to speak up in class, you might consider ways for them to share their ideas and engage with the material in an alternative forum, such as via discussion board or e-mail. Giving students time to write down their thoughts before opening the floor to discussion can also help quiet students get more involved. So too can the use of pair-work and small-group discussions. While some faculty are reluctant to call on quiet students for fear of embarrassing them, it should be pointed out that calling on students can also liberate them: not all students who are quiet are shy; they may simply have trouble finding a way into the discussion.
Sometimes the problem is not shy students but overly domineering or aggressive students who monopolize discussion. Handling strong emotions and disagreement that arise in a discussion can be a challenge for instructors. A certain amount of disagreement is desirable, yet if the conversation gets too heated or antagonistic, it can inhibit participation and squelch a productive exchange of ideas.