Anything that results in the same outcome would be valid. You can not change the outcome i. For example, if iScore allowed changing a player from Safe to Out, you would then have 4 outs in an inning that only allows 3. The important thing while scoring live is to get the result of the play right. If you see that the batter made it to first base, enter a single and you can adjust it later as necessary. Just pay close attention to the final base a player wound up on, and make sure your scoring has the runner ending on that base.
The scoring screen is where you will spend most of your time. The other screens help you get ready to score a game, but the scoring screen is where the real action takes place.
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While the management screens are very similar between all devices, there will be some variances in the scoring screens depending on device type, device orientation, platform, size, etc. While the screens may look different from device to device, all of the same core scoring functionality is available on all devices. Tablets provide the most screen space and allow more to be done from the main scoring screen. Phone size devices provide the same functionality, but sometimes it requires a couple more taps, or revealing additional screens to perform some of the same actions.
The first thing you will need to do for a new game is verify the starting lineups for each team. If you do not have at least one batter for each team, the Done button will be disabled and you will not be allowed to begin scoring the game. The default lineups for a game are pulled from the Team Rosters. If you set your Team Roster to as close to your typical starting lineup as possible, it will save time at game time as you will have fewer changes that need to be made to the Lineup for the game.
As soon as the official lineups are set for the teams on game day, the Sync button can be used to automatically set the starting lineup for a Major League team. You should make sure all players that are eligible to player are listed in the Lineup. This allows you to quickly see any positions that have not yet been set. On Android devices or if you prefer on iOS devices , you can tap a player name to bring up the details of the player, and set position from there. On Android or if you prefer on iOS , you can tap the player name to bring up the details of the player and edit the jersey number from there.
A player does not need to have a batting position set to be a fielder, and a player does not have to have a fielding position set to be a batter. Preset fielders allow a coach to plan the defensive lineup for a team prior to game time. The preset roster entry screen allows you to quickly configure the positions for the entire game. This makes it very quick to enter and rearrange your fielding positions.
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If you have an Air Print compatible printer, you can tap the air print option in the upper right corner to print out the Preset Fielders. Once you have set preset fielders for a game, they will automatically be subbed in at the right point during the game. Scoring is the most important thing you will do in iScore.
There are Videos available to cover aspects of scoring in detail that can not really be covered in a document. Once you have set the starting lineups for the game, you are ready to begin scoring. Tap the Play button on the main scoring screen to actually being scoring. Once you tap the Play! The main functions of scoring are handled by the buttons along the bottom of the device:. Place your finger on the Ball button, and slide up to enter an Intentional Ball.
When you have tapped the 4th ball for a batter, they will automatically register a walk. If you have selected Coach Pitch on Walk, then the coach will pitch until the end of the at bat. Place your finger on the Strike button, and slide up to enter a Swinging Strike. When the 3rd Strike has been entered or however many you have set for a strikeout , the batter will automatically get a strikeout. The strikeout dialog will then appear giving you a few choices for how the strikeout occurred:. On iOS devices, if you slide up across this button it will give you the option to enter foul ball location for hit charting purposes.
For the future scoring action popup screens, this guide will only show one representative device.
Just know that the same choices are available on all the devices even if they are formatted a bit different. When entering an out, you will be prompted for additional information depending on the type of out that was made. Just follow the on-screen prompts to complete any scoring entry. If there are runners on base and less than two outs, you can use the Quick Out option for Double Plays as well. Quick Outs can save you several taps while scoring. You can tap the location, or you can place your finger on the screen and drag around for more precise placement of hit location. You can enter the strength of the hit ball and the flight of the hit ball as well.
Then tap the Next button. You will then be asked to touch each position that handled the ball. For a typical ground out to shortstop, you would tap the SS and the 1B button. If there is a play that is only handled by a single player fly out to Right Field for example , you would just tap the one player that was involved.
After selecting the players involved, tap Done. If there were no runners on base prior to the play, you are now done entering an out. If there were runners on base, you will now be prompted for what happened to the runners on base with a dialog similar to this:. This allows iScore to capture the complete information for the play.
For example, on a ground out, maybe the Runner on FIrst just advances to second. In that case, you would enter Safe, Second, Advanced by Batter. Quick Outs - Placing your finger on the Out button and sliding it up will bring up a quick out dialog.
This can often save you a few extra taps as it can automatically do a few selections for you. This is especially true with a runner on first base to enter a double play:. This is true even for things like Hit by Pitch, or Catcher Obstruction. Tap how the runner made it to base safely.
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In most cases, iScore will prompt you through the same screens the Out dialog prompted you through Enter hit location, What happened to each of the runners. In some cases you will be prompted slightly differently Fielders Choice and Error for example. If you say the runner was safe because of an Error, you will be asked to tap which player made the error.
If you have Advanced Scoring enabled, you will also be given the option of whether the error was a Fielding or Throwing error, and you can still give an assist to a fielder on plays that warrant it. An example of the assist would be SS fielding the ball and making a clean throw to first, but 1B drops the ball.
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In this case, SS would still get an assist even though an out was not made. To enter this, on the Error screen you would tap SS then 1B when asked about who made the error. SS would get the assist, 1B would get the error. At any time while entering a play if you make a mistake, you can tap the Cancel button or Back button if available to abort play entry and start over. Sometimes while scoring, a runner will do something outside of the batter hitting the ball. In these cases, you will tap on the runner to bring up the runner dialog. If there are multiple runners on base, you should tap the lead runner, and iScore will prompt for all runners on preceding bases as needed.
One special case scenario when advancing runners is when an error occurs on a play. For example, a grounder to SS, and he bobbles it or mis-throws to first with runners on first and second. If the runners would have advanced regardless of whether the shortstop had made the play, you might enter them as Advanced by Batter runners can still be advanced by batter when outs are made. If however the lead runners only advanced because the error was made, you could enter Error as the reason for advancement for the runners. If you have Advanced scorekeeping mode turned on, you will also be asked whether the runner still would have been out if the error had not occurred:.
The reason for asking this is so that iScore can make a better determination of Earned vs Unearned runs. If the runner would have been Out had the error not occurred, then that runner will not be eligible to be an Earned run. If the runner would have still been safe had the error not occurred e. There are several options available under the Misc option. Tap the Misc button or the Menu button on Android devices to reveal these options. The difference between Balk and Illegal pitch is that with a balk a Ball is not given to the batter.
With an Illegal Pitch, a ball is given to the batter. This will affect Earned Run calculations as appropraite. It actually ends the half inning. This is common when there are a max number of runs that can be scored or in leagues where all players in a lineup bat, then the other team comes to the plate youth t-ball for example.
Under this rule, the last person out will generally start on second base. Many people mistakenly think that a tie breaker starts with 1 out. In most cases this is not true. This can happen in Time Constrained games or in Mercy Rule scenarios. We get questions occasionally when rolling back about maintaining the stats for the plays that occurred.
For example, if it was a zero-zero tie, but in the plays before the game ends a team scores 5 runs, if you roll back, those 5 runs go away. That would mean the RBIs etc would go away too. You can stop and resume scoring a game at any time. Do NOT use the starting lineup to perform a substitution. The starting lineup is just that the players that started the game.
If you change the starting lineup, you are changing the plays entered for that spot in the lineup for the entire game to be a different person. If you need to make a substitution, see the section on Substitutions to perform them in the correct manner. The link sent will be to this specific game only as opposed to being for the listing of all games scored by this device. This information will be displayed in the pitch by pitch listing and on iScorecasts. The pitch speckle chart can be viewed on the pitch tracking screen, and is also included on the emailed Scorecards.
There are also statistics that will track effectiveness by pitch type. On tablet size devices, pitch tracking is available right from the main scoring screen. On phone size devices, you can do the basic scoring right from this screen if you would like, and only flick back to the main field view if you need to perform an action on a baserunner.
You will want to adjust this depending on where you are sitting while keeping score. Pitch detail entry is completely optional, but can give you greater insight into various aspects of your players if you do track the information. If a ball bounces in the dirt, you can tap the bottom most area of the outer rectangle.
Just tap on the label for the pitch type that is thrown, and it will highlight that pitch type. If your field has a scoreboard with a speed gun, entering these values would just be copying from that display. If you have your own speed gun, just enter whatever reading you get. If you are using an iOS device, there is also a timing mechanism that can be used to approximate the pitch speeds.
To use this, be sure your Mound Distance settings has been set on the Options menu button in bottom right corner of scoring screen. Place your finger in the pitch location area and hold it there. When the pitcher releases the ball, lift your finger. When the catcher catches the ball or would have caught the ball , tap back down. This will time the pitch and, based on mound distance, will give you an approximate MPH. It will also give a second number in parenthesis. This means based on the amount of time a batter had to react to the pitch, what speed would a major league pitcher have had to thrown for a batter to have the same amount of time to react.
The batters have even less time to react than a Major League baseball player would have. You can decide to track just pitch locations, just locations and types, just locations and speeds, or not track pitching locations at all. It is up to you. A preset is a stored pitch type and speed. You can then just tap those presets to enter future pitches. On tablet devices, you will see a play by play listing of all previous pitches right on the scoring screen.
This allows you to confirm your data entry as you go look back through the list for detail if needed. On iPads, tapping a pitch in this listing will allow you to make basic edits to the previous pitches as well. On all devices, if you exit out of the scoring screen and go to the Pitch by Pitch listing from the Game Info screen, you can make your edits. You can tap the Inning Selectors at the top of the pitch by pitch listing to jump directly to the top half of the selected inning. A traditional baseball scorecard is viewable in several different ways in iScore.
You can view from the scoring screen, you can view from the Game Info screen, you can view from the Admin Website or Team Website, and you can email a PDF of the scorecard from the Game Info screen as well. From the main scoring screen, if you tap the Tools button in the bottom right corner of a phone device, there is an option to display a traditional scorecard. On a tablet device, there is an icon in the bottom toolbar that can be tapped directly to display a scorecard. From the Game Info screen, you can view the Home or Visitor scorecard by tapping the Scorecard option for the team you want to view it for.
When you use the email option from the Game Info screen, you will have an option of including the Scorecard PDF in the email. When you email the scorecard, it is also stored on our server so that it is available to view on the Admin Website and optional Team Websites.
On iPad devices, there is also an option to view a live-updating version of the scorecard right on the scoring screen. You can decide if it should cover the pitch by pitch section, the pitch detail section, or both. You can leave this scorecard open while scoring and it will update in real time as you enter plays. On iOS devices, there is an icon in the left field area that can be used to control details of iScorecasting. If it has a red X through it, that means iScorecast is turned off. If iScorecast is enabled, it will look like a broadcasting tower without the X.
It will also show the number of viewers that are currently watching your iScorecast. It requires internet access at the field for updates to be sent up to the iScorecast server. This can be useful if you started scoring the game prior to activating the iScorecast, or if a spotty internet connection has caused events to not make it to the server. If you have a good internet connection, the Queued Events should stay right around 0. If you have a spotty internet connection or no internet connection, events may get queued up and be sent to the server as soon as internet connectivity is restored.
It can be used to help troubleshoot connectivity issues and to see the total amount of data that has been transferred to the iScorecast server.
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The bottom of the scoring screen will have various options depending on the type of device and the settings you have enabled on the device. You will get a confirmation asking if you are sure this is what you want to do. You can tap Undo repeatedly to undo several pitches and any associated events. You can undo all the way back to the start of the game if you want. You can only do this if you have not entered a new pitch after using Undo.
The Misc button will bring up a menu of choices. The Misc button is right on the scoring screen on phone devices. Enter a note for the game. You can enter a note at any time and it will appear in the iScorecast and Play by Play listing. From Android Phone devices, Notes are available from the Menu screen on the main scoring screen. Inning Recap - this will show summaries by half inning after a half inning has completed.
You can see runs scored, LOB totals, pitch counts, etc. Send Tweet - If you have TwitterCast enabled, this icon will be visible and tapping it will send a tweet with the current status of the game. View Statistics - Tapping this will bring up statistics for the game. You can toggle between Home and Visitor statistics. View Scorecard - You can view a traditional scorecard for the game by tapping this icon. On tablet devices, if you tap a player in the lineup display, it will bring up a player card for the player. This allows you to quickly get a player history and see the hit charts for the player.
On the 7 inch Android tablets, there was not quite enough room to squeeze everything into the display that is available on the larger 10 inch models. Therefore, iScore has a few tricks to reveal the additional information available. Some people prefer not to enter pitch details, so a pitch by pitch listing may be more helpful.
This allows you to see the batting lineup and current pitcher details for either team. The double play can be entered easily using Quick Plays as noted earlier in this document, but here are some examples of using the standard scoring screens for those plays. To enter this play, here is the sequence of taps:. Here is an example of that:. In this case, no out was made, so you do not tap any players. The easiest way to enter a double play is from the Quick Outs menu. Place your finger on the Out button, and slide it up without lifting. Here is an example of entering a double play through the standard scoring process:.
Substitutions are an important part of scoring a game. Different leagues and age levels have different rules surrounding defensive substitutions. Rather than try and enforce a particular set of rules, iScore allows you to score within your rules whatever they may be. You can make a defensive substitution at any time of a game. You can take a player out of a position, put a player in a position, or move positions at any time. You just score whatever you see happening on the field.
Performing a defensive substitution in iScore is very easy. When the team that needs the defensive sub is on the field, tap the position that needs the substitute, then select the player that should be in the selected position from the list of players. To enter multiple subs at the same time, or to perform a double-switch, just tap each each defensive position that needs a sub and select the player that should be in that position. In addition to being able to perform substitutions from this screen, you can make player edits right from this screen as well.
This can save you time when facing a new team for the first time and not knowing the players. You can tap the icon in the far right column to bring up player details and edit the Jersey Number, Player Name, or Batting side of plate for the player. This screen is a simple way to do that. As you can see on the screenshot, you can do an Offensive substitution at the same time by tapping the Offense selector and making the sub from there as well.
Have you ever been at a game and heard the people around you relaying the game information to people on the phone? Now scorekeepers can even send email links to any potential scorecast viewers directly from the scoring screen during a game. These scorecards are just like the ones kept with pencil and paper at youth sports games, and are an improvement in many ways. Features include full color representations of different types of plays, tracking how runners advance bases, strikes swinging vs looking, etc.
If you track pitch locations, the scoresheet will also show the speckle chart of all pitches thrown by each pitcher. I offered a very clean and simple solution. And its genesis is replacement level: rather than starting everyone at 50, we start everyone at You can read the article to learn more. The other gap relates to the walk. I noted earlier how Bill gave a bonus point to strikeouts relative to the out, which is actually in keeping with DIPS.
But the flip side of that is the walk, and how its value should actually not be half the value of a hit, but equal to the value of a non-HR hit. Now, to be fair, this idea only works if we consider the third gap: the non-use of a HR. But if we deviate that in the slightest, and just include the HR, this allows us to better compare the walk and the non-HR hit.
The end result is this simple formula :. Note: The K is double-counted, 2 points for the out, and 1 extra. The HR is double-counted, 2 for the hit, and the 6 extra. You can read the link for more background. The three main areas of improvement is how it starts off each start at 40, not 50, how it better handles the walk, and that it uses the HR.
You can also align it to exactly 50 as league average by setting the constant for each year. Here are therefore the 10 best starts of Game Scores actually have a fairly linear relationship to wins. David has implemented Game Score on the individual pitcher pages , which is a terrific addition to the site.