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He must safeguard the interests of his client and give him the necessary truthful guidance and direction. He cannot afford to be indifferent or negligent. Similarly it is the duty of a lawyer or attorney to offer sound advice, to his client. He must not prolong the case to make more money or do any thing to obstruct the course of justice.

Many litigants get dissatisfied with their legal counsel, because the latter have adopted unfair means to gain advantage from them.


Honesty and fair play are the tests of professional competence. With regard to elected or fiduciary positions, the duties are even more onerous and sensitive. There is an element of morality in such appointments, The representative is duty bound to pay attention to the wishes of the electorate or the people he is supposed to serve. As a trustee, he must safe-guard the interest of the entire group which elected him.

He must look after the assets and property of any Trust, as if these were his own. Though law regulates the nature and functions of office-bearers it is important that people in power perform their functions, impartially and with care and integrity. Justice as a virtue implies respect for the rights of others. It also stands for fairness and impartiality. The neglect or violation of the rights of others is a moral lapse. Delay and the denial of justice, is generally due to greed and selfishness.

Justice must be done with a good heart, and not by shedding crocodile tears. Justice lies in apportioning correctly, what is the due of others, even if they have not the courage to ask for it. In a wider sense, justice means the non-exploitation of others. Unfortunately in our modern competitive society, exploitation is sometimes condoned on - the grounds of the survival of the fittest. Trampling on the rights of others is justified as an ingredient of ambition and go-getting. It is generally agreed that many get rich as quickly as they can, even when this cannot be done without employing dishonest and underhand means.

Making a quick buck is an art which involves cunning and trickery. Moreover, in our present-day society, the rich or the strong often get away with it. It forbids preferential treatment to any person, religious or social group. Justice in its essence manifests selflessness or the conquest of the ego, and is one of the means for self realisation. People belonging to different regions and faiths have different customs, habits and manners.

He must accept non-conformity and diversity as an inescapable fact of life. However, this does not imply that he should change his stand because of others. He must remain firm in his own convictions and make no compromise on principles; he must control any feeling of prejudice or violence when he sees people whose manners or customs are not to his liking. Racialism is a prevalent disease among the most civilized societies today; it is in fact a form of superiority writ large.

The tolerant person does not feel angry or upset. He keeps his cool in times of excitement or anger. Even if he feels mentally disturbed he will not show his impatience or annoyance. Just as a sensible person tolerates the foolish behavior of a child, in the same way, the tolerant person will be able to stand ignorance or lack of politeness in others.

Why should one expect that others will always behave to us as one wants them to behave? Tolerance accepts dissent and even opposition. This quality is particularly needed by Rulers and religious teachers, because without it, they are likely to allow or condone many follies and atrocities against those who differ from them.

Self-control is necessary in desires, words and actions. This method is natural—Sahaj—and not forced or punitive. The eyes, the ears, the tongue, the hands and feet are to be used for good purposes to act at the right moment. Temperance is like a fence which prevents one from straying into the wilderness. It is the golden mean between self-indulgence and rigid regimentation. Temperance is just the right way for the householder. He should enjoy the normal comforts and amenities of life, but at the same time, he must keep his passion and desire under control. This self regulation would result in a balanced and harmonious existence.


The virtues recommended by the Scriptures are many, but five of them, corresponding to the Five vices are regarded as major virtues. Chastity or continence, is emphasized in Sikhism, because in the human body lies the divine presence and as such, the body has to be kept clean and perfect. Those things which harm the body or cause sickness and disease have to be scrupulously avoided. Pre-marital or extra-marital sex is forbidden to a Sikh. He should consider females older to him as his mother, equal to him as a sister, and younger than him as a daughter.

He should never entertain evil thoughts in the company of women. Marriage is a sacrament and the purpose thereof is companionship and help on the spiritual path, rather than sexual enjoyment. Monogamy is the rule in Sikhism. In order to avoid evil thoughts, one should keep away from obscene books, nasty plays and films, and sexy music. Drinking of alcoholic beverages and wines or the wearing of scanty or flashy dresses and dancing of men and women together is prohibited for the Sikhs.

You consign people to hell and to the cycle of transmigration, You cheat all minds, influence the three worlds and destroy all contemplation and culture; Your pleasure is momentary, you make one fickle and poor and punish the high and the low; I have overcome your fear by associating with saintly persons and taking shelter with God! Those who are spiritually inclined, consider the sublimation of sex into divine love as a great virtue.

Patience implies forbearance in the face of provocation. Some say that it is natural to be angry, but one should think twice before giving vent to anger. Patience gives moral courage to bear the unexpected, such as sudden hardships and sorrows. Guru Amardas says:. It may be noted that saints and great mens are tested through the fire of suffering, though they have not done any thing to deserve that suffering.

The challenge of life are intended to evaluate the mettle of man. There are people, who are in a position to injure or even to crush their opponents with the power they possess, but they control resentment and anger, because they firmly believe that if another loses his head, they should not lose theirs.

Week 10 - Sikh Code of Conduct (Rehat Maryada)

Moreover patience keeps their mental faculties in balance. Their minds are tranquil. They do not cry or rail bitterly against their enemies or at God for their misfortunes or deprivation. They maintain their peace of mind and keep calm when faced by threats or tragedy:. Contentment is an attitude of mind which accepts victory or defeat in the same way. A contended man is active; he tries his best to go forward, but he does not despair if he cannot achieve what he wants.

Contentment has no place for fear, fatalism, inertia or sloth. He is frugal and thrifty. He may have his ambitions, but he knows that every one does not get every thing. In the modern world, the common man has opportunities for self-advancement and affluence. He must develop his own potentialities and work hard to move forward; at the same time, he should not become proud through his achievement or feel frustrated in case of failure.

The contented man knows the limits of his own needs and so does not feel frustrated if he is unable to get what his neighbor or friend has, in spite of his best efforts. Truly conceited people realise the distinctions between means and ends. Wealth and position are the means and not the ends of life. If one has a large amount of wealth, then some must be devoted to the benefit of the community and for altruistic purposes.

The hoarding of wealth and the prestige of office are not to be used as means for self-aggrandisement or inflation of the ego. Detachment implies an ever increasing non-attachment to all things of a material nature. It does not imply renunciation or asceticism or indifference to the world in which we live. It implies devotion to duty and the performance of the chores of daily life. The Sikh serves the family and the community, but he does not get deeply involved in their problems. His attitude is that of a nurse attending a patient.

She ministers to their care and comfort, but maintains her distance. Bhai Gurdas explains this attitude thus:. Guru Nanak has given the example of the lotus in the pond which is unaffected by the mud or the movement of the water. They live in the world, but are not involved in worldliness. They keep their heads high and look to a more spiritual goal. Here is a story which reveals how detachment is possible in normal life. A Ruler once asked a saint to tell him how he could practice detachment.

The holy man told the king that he had just one week more to live, that his death would occur after that. The king believed the holy man, and fearing death, led a good life, doing his duty, avoiding evil things and constantly thinking of his coming death. The king replied that he had spent that period like a traveller in an inn.

He had done his duties as usual, but his mind was not involved in the routine. He had avoided doing any thing wrong, fearing that God would call him to account after his end. He had also prayed as much as he could during this period. The individual alone, must overcome his own ego and pride. This is most easily done on the path of humility, regarding oneself as the lowest of the low and considering all others as being superior. The humble man, will serve others without material motive or the expectation of reward. He does this through his love of God and man. God is present in every living soul, and therefore to injure the feelings of another person is to hurt the God in him.

Those who are vain and the haughty have an inflated ego and as such do not mind exploiting their fellow-men. Using tobacco or any other intoxicants and non-medicinal drugs. It is better to die, than touch the filthy world pollutant tobacco. In the event of the commission of any of these transgressions, the transgressor must retake Amrit. If a transgression is committed unintentionally and unknowingly, the transgressor shall not be liable to punishment.

If you touch a vessel stained with soot, some of the soot will stick to you. They may be cut apart, piece by piece, but they never leave the field of battle.

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Such people recognise the right Path. You must remain fully aligned to the Khalsa brotherhood in accordance with the principles of the Khalsa faith. If you commit transgression of the Khalsa discipline, you must present yourself before the Sangat congregation and beg pardon, accepting whatever punishment is awarded.

You must also resolve to remain watchful against defaults in the future. I am a sinner; You are my Forgiver. That sinner, who finds no protection anywhere — if he comes seeking Your Sanctuary, then he becomes immaculate and pure.

Principles and Mandates of Sikhism

They will find no place in the Court of God, like the unbeliever, dog and Satanist. One who gives off son or daughter in matrimony for a price or reward;. They are my Sikh and will reach in my presence. Users of intoxicants hemp, opium, liquor, narcotics, cocaine, etc.

Sikh Code of Conduct, Institutions & Ceremonies | SpringerLink

Those mortals who consume marijuana drugs , fish meat and wine liquor — no matter what pilgrimages, fasts and rituals they follow, they will all go to hell. One who defaults in the maintenance of Sikh discipline. They chase after virtue and washes off their sins. These were later written down and were called Rehat-Names codes of conduct. The main points of these instructions are given below:.

All About the Sikhism Code of Conduct

Devoid of affection, favour and a bit of love of the Glorious Lord, they, en masse, are not worth a penny equal in weight to eight rice. Sikh should give his daughter in marriage to a Sikh. Thus Gurmukh meets a Gurmukh. Giving a daughter to a Bhadni non-Sikh is like giving nectar to a snake. That person will be left with nothing.

Have relations with a Sikh of the Guru. Rehatnama Bhai Chaupa Singh. Clean your teeth daily and this way you will not suffer pain. The above instructions form the main part of the Code of Discipline. They may be categorized under two headings: religious and social. The religious directives are in keeping with the Sikh tradition.