Tip: Read the article in German and learn while reading! Using our selected interactive exercises separated into three levels, you can practise German grammar rules whenever you have time and feel like diving into your new second language: German. Example sentences round out our German course for Beginners. Keep in mind that you do not need to have any background with German to start this course and learn German online for free! Find out about the state your German is in! Our online German tests allow for an easy assessment of your current German competency.
Our beginner German lessons online are completely free! To access all of the content, please register in our Member Area - it's fast and easy! Without a password, you are still granted unrestricted access to the first three lessons and the Short Test. On the third section we will see how to weather railway buildings and rail station structures and their elements. This goes together with a chapter full of real reference pictures of trains from around the world that will really delight the reader and push many to start with the hobby.
One take, one camera, one model, one modeler, ONE Hour! Finally a DVD that is different from the rest. In one hour, we show you from start to finish the complete weathering process. The model, an Sd. Included with the DVD are numerous color profiles for other variants on the Sd. Narration in English. Texts in Spanish and English. PAL format. Authors Roddy Macdougall and Martin Block, with the assistance of Panzer Tracks team bring the most comprehensive study of the formidable Panther tank to date.
More than ten years of preparation have gone into this book; There are interviews with some of the personnel involved in the development and manufacture of the Panther tank. This is the first book about the Panther tank that includes detailed explanations for each of the assembly plants including specifications, Zimmerit application methods and full colour illustrations of the camouflage painting patterns along with detailed perspective drawings of the specific features.
There are numerous of photographs with a significant number of them published for the first time! Damaged is the new magazine from Abteilung This new Publication wants to show modellers how to weather any type of subject, under any circumstance with various effects. Inside this magazine you can find various subjects like a truck, a ship to a tank, spaceship ship, trains…. Damaged is the manual for weathered and worn models. M-ATV, a new vehicle in the American armed forces that has at this time of writing been reproduced in plastic by some brands.
This DVD in PAL format and contains hundreds of photos of all its details like the suspension, interior, amour and also has the Afghanistan version. This DVD also contains software to see the photographs in transparent mode or in gallery mode. Also all the photographs are high definition with watermarks so you can printer and can make enlargements of the details that are of the most interest to you when you are building your model.
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The content of this DVD is the equivalent of 4 books of 76 pages, but at a much lower price. If what you are looking for is the best photographic references at an affordable price, this is the option for you. Tanker Techniques Magazine has quickly become the best go-to reference on the market; taking a step beyond all other modeling publications. Known for its quality and content Tanker magazine satisfies the appetite of even the most demanding modelers.
Each issue of Tanker Magazine is dedicated to a particular theme; allowing you to build a library of the most current and up to date weathering techniques. This is a technical guide that cannot be missed; no library should be without it. The consonantal 'r' is one of the hardest sounds to learn in German. It's kind of like gargling without water. Let's take the word 'drei' three , for example. The rolling sound is created at the back of the vocal tract by creating a narrow passage with the tongue.
The vocalic 'r', on the other hand, is spoken very softly, more like a vowel. A vocalic 'r' is common with 'er' endings, like in Schwester sister. Here the 'r' is barely noticeable, as it is unstressed. In fact, it doesn't really sound like what we would think of as an 'r' sound at all, more like an 'ah' Sch-ves-tah.
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The word 'Drachen' dragon is a good example of the first one. Following the vowels 'a', 'au', 'o', and 'u', it's spoken like a Scotsman saying Loch Ness. In this case, we articulate the -ch towards the front of the mouth. Although many sounds may be similar, their correlations are different and need to be learned and practised. This way you can develop the habit of correct pronunciation. If you are just starting out learning your first foreign language, you'll find it useful to become acquainted with the International Phonetic Alphabet , or IPA for short.
It's made up of phonemes , or unique individual sounds, which help as a great aid in pronunciation. Dictionaries usually have an IPA spelling of the word. This is especially useful when you need to figure out which of the 'r' or 'ch' sounds a word uses. We are used to making certain movements with our mouths and tongues when we speak and we've been training ourselves to do this ever since we first started talking. When you begin to learn German, you're starting that process all over again with a new set of sounds so it's natural that it will take you some time to really get the hang of them.
This is where phonetic practice with a native German speaker becomes very important.
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A native speaker can help you train those difficult sounds and teach you the intricacies of pronunciation. Even without perfect pronunciation, most Germans will be able to understand you with an accent, so don't let difficult sounds get in the way of practising the language.
Currywurst and other meats? Giant pretzels? Punctuality and organisation? Like any country, Germany has a lot of stereotypes. However, Germany has a rich culture that has touched many of our lives at some point.
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German philosophers, writers, musicians, inventors, media, and society have all been inspiring the world for centuries. Schiller, Goethe, and Lessing are some of the other most famous German authors and influential thinkers of the modern era. Those who understand German can also read the original works of some of the world's most brilliant philosophers.
Germans philosophers have been shaping the way we perceive life for centuries:. Of course, you can read translated versions, but having a knowledge of the German language and culture will allow you to have an even deeper understanding of the material. Philosophy might not really be your cup of tea, but if that's the case there are still lots of other fascinating elements of German culture to explore.
It was also a German - Wolkenstein - who revolutionised classical music in the 14th century. He collected and shared the classical techniques he learned throughout his European journeys, which played a significant role in the development of future composers. The Neue Deutsche Welle in the s brought us a new form of German rock music. This underground movement was a mix of punk and new wave music, which introduced us to artists like Nena and Falco.
Germans were also very influential in the development of electronic music. The band Kraftwerk, for example, was one of the first bands to play only on electronic instruments. Today, Germany continues to have one of the largest electronic music scenes in the world. Many of our Christmas songs also come from German. These are just a few examples of the many ways in which Germans have had an impact on the world of music. Germany is also well known for its Schlager and folk music, synthpop, punk, heavy metal, and even hip hop.
Innovative Germans have brought us a wide array of discoveries, from cell theory to jeans, and so much in between. Gutenberg, for example, is accredited with the invention of movable type and the development of the printing press. Albert Einstein provided us with many of our current theories in physics and Leibniz with new mathematical concepts.
Germans have played a significant role in developments in medicine, biology, chemistry, sociology, and astronomy as well. Germany may have a history of Nazism and extreme right-wing conservatism, but modern day Germany has changed tremendously. The country is now a multicultural centre with a wide variety of lifestyles and ethnocentric backgrounds mixed together. Civil unions, disability rights, and a high level of gender equality are the result of tolerance and cultural integration.
Germans love to travel and are some of the top spenders in the world when it comes to holidays. Six weeks of paid holiday is normal in Germany. Germans use this to see and experience the rest of the world, improving their multicultural status. Although it might not seem obvious, Germany is also home to some of the largest media conglomerates in the world.
It's no wonder that Germany holds one of the world's most significant book fairs given that German publishers release nearly 60, new publications each year. Compared with some other European languages, German seems to have a developed a reputation for being notoriously difficult to learn. But in fact, once you overcome the unfamiliarity, you'll find that German isn't as hard as you might think. English is a Germanic language, and both English and German come from the Indo-European language family.
At first glance, German might seem like an intimidating language. But once you break it down into its components, you realise it's actually very logical. German has adopted a lot of words from the English language, making a lot of vocabulary self-explanatory for English speakers. English is believed to have the largest vocabulary of all languages, with over one million words in the dictionary, and counting. German has at least thousand words, but not nearly as many as English, making it much easier to learn.
Even though there are lots of very long words in German, these are always just a combination of shorter, simpler ones, which makes them easy to learn. Not to mention all the words German and English share in common. If we look at some of the most common misconceptions about German, you'll see just why this wonderful language isn't as a tricky as it might seem. Some people might see long German words full of consonants and feel too frightened to even attempt pronouncing them.
However, most German words aren't that long. The most common words are pretty short, and even the long words that look confusing can be broken down into short easy words. Long words in German are mostly compound words created by combining two or more shorter words together. This is something we have in English as well, just not to the same extent as German. English words like 'swimsuit' swim suit and 'bedroom' bed room are examples of a similar phenomenon. Many people have the impression that German is a rough language, spoken from the throat, but it isn't actually like that. Once you start to practice speaking German, you'll realise that it's actually quite simple to pronounce.
The cases may seem confusing at first, but there are only 4 of them. In comparison, Finnish has 26! German also shares an alphabet with English, unlike Greek, Russian, Chinese and many other languages. Since German and English both come from the same language family, the similarities are greater than the differences. I have and ich habe , for example, are very similar, which makes these types of word combinations easy to remember. Learning simple German sentences will be encouraging in the beginning.
Take a look at these phrases:. They're not so different from English, right?
The word order is the same and even some of the words are quite similar. Phrases like this take almost no effort to learn and will have you practising the German language in no time. There are hundreds of words that are spelt the same and have the same meaning in both German and English. Here are some great examples of words shared by both languages:. You can instantly grow your German vocabulary, just by making or finding a list of all the common words. Both words sound the same but have different meanings. Fabrik in German means factory, whereas the word for 'fabric' is actually Stoff.
That said, a few simple memory tricks can make these correlations fun and easy to learn. Create an image in your mind of a fabric factory, for example. That way, whenever you see the word 'Fabrik', you'll also think of a factory. Many German verbs follow patterns that we are used to in English, making the grammar that much easier. Unlike English grammar, German grammar has few exceptions to its rules, and its explanations are straightforward and simple. This section is a comprehensive overview of the basics of German grammar which will show you why German isn't so difficult and how you should go about tackling it.
Here's what we'll learn about:. German is an inflected language. That means every noun is associated with a masculine, feminine, or neutral gender article. This can be one of the most confusing parts of learning German when you're just getting started. How do you know whether to use der , die , or das? Although many correlations are obvious, most genders have to be learned together with the new vocabulary. The cases, on the other hand, follow specific rules.
The table below shows how the article 'the' changes for each of the genders, as well as for each case. The dative case is slightly more different, with the masculine and neutral articles becoming dem , feminine becoming der , and plural den '. If you're new to cases, this probably sounds very difficult but you'll find that once you start practising it's quite straightforward. The more exposure you get to the language, the better you'll become at choosing the right genders and cases to use. In German, certain prepositions are associated with the accusative and dative cases. As your German improves you'll come across more and more of these.
There are also some special dative prepositions, which always take on the dative case, regardless of motion. These are:. The best way to learn these is to pay attention to how they're used when you see them in sentences. Instead of trying to memorise rules, focus on noticing the patterns of the cases and prepositions in sentences you read and hear. Of course, you'll make lots of mistakes in the beginning but that's ok. Just keep learning from your mistakes and the structures will become more natural the more you practice.
It's easy to get intimidated by long German words. They seem to take up half the page and at first glance, you think 'I'll never be able to pronounce that. But actually, pronouncing such words is quite simple.
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It's just a case of knowing how to approach it. If we break this word up into its individual elements, we see that it's made up of small words, which would look like this:. None of the individual words is particularly difficult to pronounce. Think of such words as sentences written without spaces, and approach them by breaking them up into pieces.
In English, we conjugate verbs by adding an ending for regular verbs or changing the word for irregular verbs. English and German both conjugate verbs in the past tense as well. Although German conjugates verbs to a further extent than English, the conjugations often follow rules and are easy to learn. Get a good book with clear explanations and exercises, then practice the conjugations a lot.
Try to identify the conjugations when you're listening or reading and when you speak, try your best to use them. This kind of constant exposure to the language will help you memorise them in time. The first sentence is a generalisation, whereas the second sentence describes a one-time event happening at the moment.
While it may take you some time to get a handle on German grammar, it's reassuring to know that it's very regular and there are very few exceptions to the rules, unlike in English which is full of them! Learning your first foreign language is always the hardest.