This song was also recorded by Louis Jordan in It is possible that Hammer was a member of this group. His next appearance on record was "Girl, Girl, Girl" Roulette , , a good rocker, followed by two singles on Kapp in Hammer is probably more important as a songwriter than as a singer. Hammer wrote a song of that name and submitted it to New York songwriter Paul Case, who at that time also happened to be musical consultant for the forthcoming movie "Jamboree".
Case was unimpressed with the contents but loved the title. He subsequently called Otis Blackwell, who had never met Jack, and commissioned him to write a new song around the title, to be used in "Jamboree". Hammer was in full agreement to this arrangement as the deal was to be split right down the middle. The next year Hammer moved to Europe. But he stayed much longer in Belgium, where he was discovered by Albert Van Hoogten, who had founded the Ronnex label in Jack recorded a whole bunch of twist ditties for Ronnex, which were also released in other European countries on a variety of labels Oriole in the UK.
The most successful of these was "Kissin' Twist", which sold especially well in Belgium number 3 , Germany, France and Sweden. By he was living in Wiesbaden, Germany, where he played the U. Hammer moved back to New York in order to play the part of Jimi Hendrix in a proposed film, but the plans for this movie foundered in the early to mids. At present he is living in Hollywood. Composer: - Otis Blackwell. Jerry Lee Lewis - Vocal and Piano. Jay W. Brown - Bass. See: www.
A singer with a sprinkle of gray in his hair was sitting at the piano accompanying himself. He seemed to be making love, not entertaining. Sam Phillips had come in, and Jerry Lee was quick to corner him. Phillips, you've got some bad women working for your company''. Sam reassured him. Jerry was satisfied with Sam's explanation. Stephanie Davis is born in Bridge, Montana. Elvis Presley begins shooting for ''King Creole'', his last movie before the start of his two-year Army hitch.
Composer: - Glenn Honeycutt. Recorded: - January 20, Released: - February 9, Glenn Honeycutt - Vocal and Guitar. Marvin Pepper - Bass. Jimmy Wilson - Piano. But some musicians Barbara was beginning to recognize as regulars came in about noon to practice. With Jack not there, they weren't too focused and they had some beer and Thunderbird wine. According to Barbara Barnes, ''The drummer was J.
Martin Willis, the sax player, would laugh when J. I bet I've got more money than you have''.
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He no doubt had more money than I did''. Most musicians nodded or patted their feet. He was obviously happy drunk when he came bouncing acrobatically into my office. In fact, that day I could see in him a wild Indian, muscular, compact, and untamed'' says Barbara. She told Kay to go sit down next door and than go home.
She opened the door to the studio in her most authoritative voice, ''Everybody out. I'm closing the studio''. The musicians looked at her, and J. Hit a lick on the snare and then the cymbal. They looked from one to the other and then back to Barbara. They actually got up and left.
B, you were magnificent''. When you're hot, you're hot. The song's structure is less than typical, and far from the blues and country music on which Jerry Lee cut his teeth. Although Jerry's piano plays a less central role here than ever before, the artist still manages to make this performance his own.
Jerry's Louisiana pronunciation of "You know I 'doin' like a wood in flame" is a delight. Recorded: - January 21, The first five takes session January , repeat an opening cascade that one feels ought to serve as a leitmotif throughout the song, but which subsequently fails to reoccur. Yet each attempt leaves something to be desired. Conversely, when Jerry Lee simplifies matters with the relatively unsophisticated hammering of a single chord, things begin to sound more organised.
Despite that, it remains something of an ordeal for all involved in coming to terms with the broken-beat shuffle rhythm of the song, while at times Jerry Lee has difficulty in stretching elements of the lyric to complement the music adequately. The most consistently uncomfortable passage occurs in each take around the 1. Lewis repeatedly struggles with the declaration ''I will be wherever you go'', variously trying, without success, to make two syllables out of either or both of the words ''I-will-be'' with deliberation but a lack of conviction. Eventually, in take 8, session January 21, he achieves the right balance by effectively adding the words ''am'' and ''to'', delivering the line as ''I'm gonna be wherever you go'' and the die is cast.
One more take and it all falls into place. Matrix number: - U - Master. This song was a calculated shot at the pubescent market, with Jerry's breathy delivery of the title as its hook. Beechnut chewing gum had sponsored the networking of Dick Clark's "Bandstand" show, but initial response was unfavorable until Jud and Dick Clark figured out how to kill two birds with one stone with a cross-promotion deal.
The song also reached number 4 on the country chart, number 3 on the Rhythm And Blues chart, and number 8 in the UK. The B-side, "Down the Line", also charted in , reaching number 51 on the Billboard pop singles chart. Composer: - Hank Williams. Publisher: - Hiriam Music. May have been recorded during the previous session. Recorded: - January 21, - Not Originally Issued. Note: ''Cold Cold Heart'' may have been recorded at the previous session. This blues ballad is both a classic of honky-tonk and an entry in the Great American Songbook. Williams adapted the melody for the song from T.
The song achingly and artfully describes frustration that the singer's love and trust is unreciprocated due to a prior bad experience in the other's past. Stories of the song's origins vary. In the Williams episode of American Masters, country music historian Colin Escott states that Williams was moved to write the song after visiting his wife Audrey in the hospital, who was suffering from an infection brought on by an abortion she had carried out at their home unbeknownst to Hank.
Escott also speculates that Audrey, who carried on extramarital affairs as Hank did on the road, may have suspected the baby was not her husband's. Florida bandleader Pappy Neil McCormick claims to have witnessed the encounter: "According to McCormick, Hank went to the hospital and bent down to kiss Audrey, but she wouldn't let him. Hank went home and told the children's governess, Miss Ragland, that Audrey had a 'cold, cold heart,' and then, as so often in the past, realized the bitterness in his heart held commercial promise''. Eddie Bond returned to Sun.
There were three sessions between November 28, and May 5, , but no singles. Following his Mercury deal, Eddie Bond began label-shopping through the South, particularly around Memphis, Tennessee. First stop was Union Avenue, where Jack Clement produced three titles, in a more-country-than-rockabilly mould.
None were issued at the time having to wait for the rockabilly revival and subsequent glut of compilations released in the s and s. Composer: - Eddie Bond-Jack Clement. Recorded: - January 25, The most curious element of his somewhat odd "Broke My Guitar" is a total lack of verses. Such an omission defies the basic logic of song structure; choruses that butt up against each and every middle eight further complicate the issue. Eddie Bond - Vocal and Rhythm Guitar.
Reggie Young - Lead Guitar. Johnny Fine - Drums. Jimmy Smith - Piano. Vocal Chorus. Composer: - Edwin Bruce. Recorded: - January 26, From the first 4 bars, it was clear we were in the presence of greatness. Everything works here. This is an edgy, tense record with not the slightest concession to pop sensibilities. Its hard to imagine two guitars, a bass and drums put to better use.
Bruce's vocal is a standout. He was barely 18 when he recorded these sides, which more than fulfilled the promise of his first Sun outing See SUN Composer: - Heath-Heath. As he had previously, Bruce uses the flipside to demonstrate his interest in ballad singing. Curiously, the style here owes more to northern doo wop than it does the Memphis churchy moaning popularized by Elvis Presley. Edwin Bruce went on to record for Sun until mid, although he never again saw his name on a yellow label from Memphis.
That song and some others might have been intended for the ears of Johnny Cash. The log books suggest that Bruce played guitar or sang back-up on one of Cash's last sessions, although Bruce has no recollection of it. A lot of tape was expended on ''King Of Fools'suggesting that it was seen as a potential third Sun single.
Edwin Bruce - Vocal and Guitar. Jimmy Wilson — Piano. He had an exceptional ear for talent, of course. In my case, he was 25 years early. Sun Records has a significant role in the heritage of the music industry but, as a 17 or 17 year old, I had no concept of being part of developing history. It was the only game in town. Sam Phillips had a two track board and two mics in the studio. You achieved a balance by turning the volume up on the singer's mike and moving the group further or closer to the band mike. There was no such as sound baffling although the studio doubled as a warehouse so there were boxes of records everywhere.
Accidentally, those boxes served as bafflers but there was a lot of leakage. I didn't know a great deal about the intricacies of the industry. My parents were guiding my career at that time, not knowing a lot about it either. I certainly didn't realize that I was part of something people would be talking about three decades later''. Composer: - Red Williams. Matrix number: - None — Not Originally Issued. Name No. Red Williams — Vocal. Roland Janes — Guitar. Billy Riley — Bass. Sid Manker — Bass. On hand for the festivities, Ernest Tubb and Wilburn Brothers. Elvis Presley's ''Jailhouse Rock'' becomes the first single ever to enter the United Kingdom's charts at number 1.
Guitarist B. James Lowry is born in Pensacola, Florida. Rhythm and blues singer Little Richard enters a theological seminary in Huntsville, Alabama, on his way to becoming an ordained minister. Merle Haggard is imprisoned at San Quentin for a botched burglary attempt.
Grease and mud. That's what Bill Justis called the fare at the next door hang-out, Taylor's Restaurant. As time went on, she found out that Mrs. Bill Justis sat there alone to write lead sheets. Buttered toast could be spread with jam from the jars on the. Rosemary, Mrs. The employees of Sun lunch there most days, usually. Soup was less than a dollar and the steak about two dollars.
Taylor kept some tabs in a box under the counter. Gilley was always destined to be Jerry Lee Lite. For most of his career, Gilley lived in the shadow of his cousin, Jerry Lee Lewis. The three songs heard here on this session are piano and vocal tours de force in the Lewis manner, with nothing but a few bass notes in support.
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Technically, the piano is stormingly good but it lacks the commanding left hand of Lewis and Gilley's vocals lack Lewis's ''presence'', his confidence, his charisma. The first two songs are good rockers and would have been contenders if Lewis hadn't got there first. The third, a version of Lewis's calling card, ''Whole Lotta Shakin''', just shows up the similarities, and the differences in their styles.
Gilley comes off second best. Composer: - Mickey Gilley. Matrix number: None — Not Originally Issued. Recorded: Unknown Date February Released: November Composer: - Dave Williams-Sunny David. Publisher: - Marlyn Music. Composer: - Matthews. Publisher: - Follows Music. Matrix number: - MW First appearance: - Dot Records S 45rpm standard single Dot mono. Composer: - Mick Gilley. Matrix number: None — Sun Unissued.
The tapes were leased to Dot Records. Mickey Gilley — Vocal and Piano. More Details Unknown. It's Elvis final session to feature his original bass player Bill Black. Country was his love. The tunes he wrote showed all these influences at time. Paul, Minnesota, to New Orleans. The flight was carrying 44 people when it crashed soon after take-off. Many of those on board were sports journalists and members of the Manchester United football team who were on their way home after having qualified for the semifinals in the European Cup.
A total of 23 people died as a result of the crash, 8 of them were members of the Manchester United team. The pilot of the flight survived and was later charged with negligence as it was originally believe that a build-up of ice on the planes wings had caused the crash. While there was some ice found on the wings it was determined that a build-up of slush on the runway was the major contributing factor in the crash as it stopped the plane from gaining enough speed for a proper take-off.
The crash was a tragedy, especially for sports fans, as the loss of several very young and talented players was devastating. It took Manchester United nearly 10 years to rebuild the team and in they went on to win the European Cup. Under the competition of a newer generation of rockabilly combos, Slim Rhodes soon found himself dropped from the Sun label. Although he did make several other recordings for labels like Cotton Town Jubilee, including an interesting promotional disc for Hart's bread on the Hart's label, Slim mainly concentrated on radio and TV work.
New generations of the family came through, from sister Dot, who also recorded as Dottie Moore on King, to Slim's niece Sandra Rhodes who at one time pursued a solo career with Fantasy Records, and sang as a backup singer on countless sessions at Hi Records in Memphis. The full story of the Rhodes band would take more space than is available here, and much work remains to be done in interviewing members of the Rhodes band and fleshing out the contribution they made to country music in the Mid-South.
Composer: - Slim Rhodes. Recorded: - February 4, In a never-ending attempt to keep up with changing musical styles, the Rhodes aggregation held on this final session. The lead vocal is taken by Dot Rhodes but it is not clear whether she is supported by the other members of the Rhodes clan or whether she has recorded a double-tracked vocal in the manner of Skeeter Davis.
It could almost be the Miller Sisters who had left Sun some months before this was recorded. This marked the Rhodes band's swansong at A comparison with the very earliest of their recordings shows the distance that country music had come in eight years. Ethmer Cletus ''Slim'' Rhodes - Guitar. Dorothy ''Dot'' Rhodes Moore - Vocal. Just a note to let you know about the news Radio and TV, shows we have coming up. Beginning next Saturday morning, February 8th, a.
You are invited to attend our radio and TV shows anytime you are able. Tell the Hoehn salesman Slim sent you. We love you. Your friend, Slim Rhodes. It was always a mystery how Bill Pinkney of the Drifters ended up on Phillips International for a single. The answer comes from Roland Janes' scrapbook. Early in , Janes went out on a Bill Justis tour and asked the artist to sign a program for his wife, Betty Jo.
At the top of the page in florid script Bill Pinkney wrote, ''Luck to you from Bill Pinkney, formerly of the Drifters''. In a recent conversation, and got along well with Justis, who brought him to Memphis during or after the tour. On second thought, maybe PI was going to specialize in artists whose last name started with "P". Pittman, Powers and now Pinky. Actually, that's Pinkney, although his handle was surgically shortened to Pinky. In any case, Pinky was the first black artist who had graced a Sun microphone in quite a while. In fact, other than Rosco Gordon who would enjoy another Sun release later in , the place was starting to look as lillywhite as a Klan meeting.
But Pinky changed all that. Composer: - Bill Justis-Bill Pinkney. Recorded: - February 7, In many ways this is mindless teen fluff from 40 years ago, yet its instrumental track has an undeniable energy starting with those strangled sax notes by Bill Justis. The longer the track goes on, the more Sun fans will recognize it as a reprise of Roy Orbison's "Chicken Hearted", recorded just months earlier.
Although it doesn't quite know what it wants to be or, more aptly, how to get there, there is a very interesting record buried in here. The verses more references to "Long Tall Sally" and company are trite enough to make you sit back and pay attention when the release containing the title finally arrives.
This songs works! Then there's the business of the instrumental break: not one, but two. After Bill Justis has his way say and we're expecting Pinkney and the Turks to come back in with the hook-aden release again, we're treated to 12 more bars of jamming, this time by Roland Janes. A strange record indeed. Composer: - Bill Pinkney. Chorus The Turks consisting of Willie Peppers,.
He had moved back home, basing himself in Sumter, South Carolina, where he was buried, and where the Willie Bill Pinkney Community Park is named in his memory. Peter Burns, July He worked hard to get the best from his artists. Unknown date , Sam Phillips takes six songs recorded in St. Louis by Ike Turner, with vocalist Tommy Hodge, but they are not released. Note: Three of these songs were previously issued with incorrect titles.
Thomas Harris — Red Dradon
By Sam Phillips had almost given up on recording black music. Billy Emerson and Rosco Gordon apart, there hadn't been any releases by black artists during , and only "Sally Jo" by Rosco Gordon would appear during this year. Nevertheless, Sam Phillips bought six titles from Ike Turner, perhaps at Ike's insistence - or perhaps as a token of the business that they'd done, to the profit of both, in the frantic years at the beginning of the decade.
Ike was now a major force in the St. Louis black music industry, which was active but intensely parochial, and he was having trouble getting product onto a major label. This batch of songs sound like demos and perhaps their sale paid of Ike's studio bills: for very shortly after wards, Ike went to Chicago and recorded a bunch of sessions for Eli Toscano's Cobra and Artists labels, including this song, which he retitled "I Known" "You Don't Love Me" from its opening line. Tommy Hodge's congested vocal is very low in the mix, although his performance is strong enough.
Carlson Oliver takes two choruses of a fairly basic tenor sax solo, and the song is soon over. Composer: - Ike Turner. Singer Hodge was a large, placid man, but Billboard detected hints of Little Richard and Sceamin' Jay Hawkins in him, concluding its review of this song ''Good close to the soil was''. Ike had begun to experiment with the vibrato arm, later dubbed not entirely with affection a "twang bar", on his Fender guitar during the Federal sessions he'd cut the previous year.
Here, they pump up the anxiety gauge admirably as Tommy Hodge frets his way through a typically angst-ridden piece, teenage or otherwise. But on this side, the stylistic influence of B. King is obvious, but the emotional variation that Turner gets out of the instrument is special. Once again Ike shows the whammy bar no mercy. He recorded another version for Cobra with Jackie Brenston and yet another with Otis Rush, but none of them was released at the time.
Only on the tape mailed to Sun was it titled ''I'm Gonna Forget About You'', on all other versions, it bore the more succinct title ''Matchbox''. And in those pre-Beatle days, ''Matchbox'' was a title known only to the handful of fans who'd bought Carl Perkins' Sun single, and an even smaller number of pre-War blues and hillbilly fans. It would answer a few questions if we could have been the letter that accompanied this tape. Tuner seemed to be between contracts, not that being under contract ever impeded him from recording for another company.
Phillips, though, had his attention diverted by Johnny Cash's defection to Columbia and Jerry Lee Lewis's career implosion. Ike Turner's tape, if not the blues as a whole, must have seemed like a missive from a forgotten planet. On ''You Ain't The One'', the song also suits Tommy Hodge's unique vocal chords, as well as Carlson Oliver's tenor sax, which here he wields in the manner of King Curtis to some extent.
It shows that Ike was still thinking about the hit parade. It would be a little while before he distilled the right ingredients, but he wasn't far off the mark here. Sam Phillips kept the tapes but, as far from the blues as some may think these titles are, he was no longer interested in the market to which they spoke. Tommy Hodge - Vocal. Ike Turner - Guitar. Carlson Oliver - Tenor Saxophone. Fred Sample - Piano. Jesse Knight - Bass Guitar. Unknown — Drums. Earl Scruggs' third son, Steve Scruggs, is born in Nashville. He goes on to play piano for several years in his father's band, The Earl Scruggs Revue.
Brunswick released Buddy Holly's pop hit ''Maybe Baby''. Twenty years later, the song becomes a country hit for Susie Allanson. Just to whet the appetite there here two unissued tracks recorded by Justis, a good rocking instrumental "Scrougieville" and "Laura" with Sid Manker on guitar.
In effect it was unusually whatever studio musicians were around. Composer: - William Everette Justis. Recorded: - Probably February 13, Recorded: - February 13, Stan Kesler - Guitar. Vernon Drane - Saxophone. Riding high on the success of his biggest two hits in early , Jerry went into the studio with his road band Jay W. Brown on bass and Russell Smith on drums there was no guitarist and cut a session of mostly Elvis Presley hits. They all remained in the vaults until at least the late s with the exception of this song, which was the opening track on his first album ''Jerry Lee Lewis'' the following year.
The cut from ''The Killer Rocks On'' coincidentally also the opening song is faster with some great piano and a much bigger band, including a string section recorded live in the studio! Unusually recorded with his road drummer at the time Russell Smith instead of the usual Jimmy Van Eaton also with his father-in-law Jay W. Jerry Lee Lewis at his vocal peak. Composer: - Jimmy Hodges. Publisher: - Duchess Music. Recorded: - February 14, - Not Originally Issued.
The song has become a standard, recorded by many pop and country music singers included by Elton Britt's version peaked at number 2 on the country charts. It first reached the Billboard magazine Best Seller chart on July 29, and lasted eighteen weeks on the chart, spending two weeks at number 1. It first reached the Billboard magazine Best Seller chart on August 12, and lasted 15 weeks on the chart, peaking at number 8. A version by Jodie Sands barely made the Top chart in , reaching number 95, but did better in the United Kingdom, where it spent 10 weeks on the charts, peaking at number Singer Della Reese released a rendition of the song in , and it peaked at number number 56 on the Billboard Hot chart, and number 31 on Cash Box's best-selling chart.
American country artist Patsy Cline posthumously released a single version of the song, which reached at number 23 on the Bubbling Under Hot chart in Composer: - Otis Blackwell-Elvis Presley. Recorded: - February 14, It was inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame in The song is currently ranked as the th greatest song of all time, as well as the sixth best song of , by Acclaimed Music. His name did not appear after the first year. But if Elvis liked the song, the writers would be offered a guarantee of a million records and they would surrender a third of their royalties to Elvis'''.
The song featured Presley's regular band of Scotty Moore on lead guitar with Presley usually providing rhythm guitar , Bill Black on bass, D. Fontana on drums, and backing vocals from the Jordanaires. The producing credit was given to RCA's Steve Sholes, although the studio recordings reveal that Presley produced the songs in this session by selecting the song, reworking the arrangement on piano, and insisting on 28 takes before he was satisfied with it.
He also ran through 31 takes of "Hound Dog. All studio tapes lost. The single was released on July 13, backed with "Hound Dog". Within a few weeks "Hound Dog" had risen to number 2 on the Pop charts with sales of over one million. By the end of it had sold in excess of four million copies. Billboard ranked it as the number 2 song for It became a regular feature of his live sets until his death in , and was often coupled with "Jailhouse Rock" or "Teddy Bear" during performances from They finally recorded a laid-back version during the massive Get Back sessions which has never been released.
Presley was said to be so impressed with Wilson's version that he would later incorporate many of Wilson's mannerisms into future performances. A Tribute to Otis Blackwell. Cheap Trick's version of this song reached number 4 on the Billboard Hot in Jonathan Rhys Meyers lip-synched the original version of the song in a scene from Elvis, where it shows him performing at the Jacksonville Theater.
She is the first female bass player to become a major rock star. This broke a barrier to women's participation in rock music. Quatro had her "Elvis moment" on January 6, , when she was six years old. With her older sister Arlene, she was watching. Elvis on The Ed Sullivan Show. Arlene was screaming as Elvis sang "Don't Be Cruel". When he sang "Mmmmmm", Quatro had her first sexual thrill but did not know what it was. Then their father Art entered the room, said "That's disgusting", and switched off the television.
At this point Quatro decided that she wanted to be Elvis. Publisher: - Carlin Music Incorporated. Matrix number: - None - Not Originally. In the right clothes, it says, you'll be good-looking, desirable, and popular. Mark Twain said, ''clothes make the man''. We can safely extend that to women and high school is where that becomes about as important an idea as it's ever likely to.
Pedal pushers and capris, by tie way, were much alike - tight calf- length pants that were popular with the younger set. Admiring Ms. In Perkins' case, he too is ready to extend the crown to his well-dressed girl. This next attempt and the later recorded version at the Roy Brown via Elvis Presley classic were recorded for Sun, and both were deemed not worthy of release at the time. Composer: - Roy James Brown. Publisher: - Blue Ridge. The song includes the memorable refrain, "Well I heard the news, there's good rocking tonight! Brown had first offered his song to Wynonie Harris, who turned it down.
Only after the Brown's record gained traction in New Orleans did Harris decide to cover it. Harris's version was even more energetic than Brown's original version, featuring black gospel style handclapping. This may have contributed to the composition's greater success on the national rhythm and blues chart. Brown's single would re-enter the chart in , peaking at number Harris had a reputation for carousing, and sometimes forgot lyrics.
Mr Rustin sought out while travelling to international destinations including Africa, met with Mahatma Mohandas Gandhi when MLK was a teenager , developed the non-violent principles acquired in his sojourns and imparted his experiences to Martin Luther King and others seeking his counseling organizational skills until his death in including Black mayoral candidates, Richard Hatcher, Carl Stokes and Harold Washington.
There is a Zelig phenomenon wherein everyone desires to be present at every significant event in the manner of the fictional character from a Woody Allen movie; reprised as Forrest Gump in a more contemporary film.
While wishing or claiming to be there, remember those who were there Bayard Rustin. Powered by Register. What Time Is It? The Library What Did You Guys Do? Appalachian accent is one that is entirely unique in the world. The language known as Appalachian-English is nearly pure Shakespearean English, which went dormant in England centuries ago. It has come to be known as the language of William Shakespeare and is considered by many to be from the golden age of English-speaking. He attempted to stamp out Catholicism and began populating the northern counties of Ireland, a Catholic stronghold, with Protestant Scots.
The Ulster Irish refused to completely convert to the Church of England and English rule and thereafter remain essentially at war with England. When America was colonized, these Scots-Irish, staunch Protestants, began a great migration to freedom in the colonies. Being of a poorer class, most could only obtain lands deep in Indian territory, where the cheaper, more isolated lands were located. No one else wanted these sparse, uninviting mountains, however, the Scots-Irish were hardy, independent, and creative. Already wary of strangers, government and close neighbors, they flourished in these new wilds and soon became one with them.
They readily adapted and gleefully adopted it as their home. Having been victimized by English overseers for generations, they disliked all authority and all government. They particularly dislike governments at all levels and disdain meddling strangers. Deeply religious, they developed unique beliefs about music, religion, and language. Superstition still exists side by side with a mostly Presbyterian religion. Music is a large part of their culture, with piano and guitar providing the heart of the rhythm. Though, for unexplained reasons, the use of their beloved bagpipe died out, and its whiny, twangy sounds were replaced by the banjo, fiddle, and mandolin.
Irish country dances have morphed into square dances and clogging, while highland reels became flings, bluegrass, and a hundred variations of modern country music. Despite being some 1, miles apart, Appalachian-English is still alive and well in several Texas localities. Once we looked down on these hardy mountain folk as simple, backward ruffians, but we have come to appreciate many aspects of their culture and language. They are truly unique and have become an integral part of our beloved South.
Appalachian-English is a difficult language to learn and to use properly. Which proves that you can take the person out of Appalachia, but you will never take Appalachia out of the person. But, yesterday I was scrolling through my feed, when I came upon a comment from someone relating to the dismissal — via Twitter — of a high-level government official. They simply have no word for it up north, but my God, do they ever need one.
Tacky might be used occasionally elsewhere, but chances are, the person who says it is a transplanted southerner. You may have to either live in the South or originate from the South to have a total understanding of its gist and appreciation for its versatility. Tacky, but fun? At the top of that list is those horrible bears, whom I plan to remove as soon as I become queen. How else could you possibly describe that offensive advertising gimmick but tacky?
Tacky is an irreplaceable, multi-use, charming, southern word. Headed to Mardi Gras? The wait person will ask you if you want it dressed with mayo, lettuce and tomato. But beware, as having lots of fun is also said to fuel [gumbo ya ya,] or everyone talking at once. Boudin [boo-dan] is a blood sausage made of chicken, pork or beef. Almost every Cajun or Creole restaurant in Louisiana includes gumbo on the menu. The most important ingredient is roux [roo] or the browned mix of oil and flour mix which gives it a classic taste.
The reason is that Louisiana was originally a French colony, then a Spanish colony, and then a French colony again before becoming part of the U. Bouder [bou-deh] verb: To pout, sulk. Envie [ahn-vee] noun: A longing or hunger to do or eat something. Often used in jest and not actual black magic. Where are you? Fais do do [fay doe doe] A Cajun dance party. Honte [hont] adj. Boy, was he honte! Also, streets often have banquettes in lieu of sidewalks. The vieux carre is the oldest part of the city. This is true even though it was named after the City of Orleans Orleens, France.
New Orleanians do not use north, south, east or west. In the Big Easy things are found uptown, downtown, riverside or lakeside. Similarly, the west bank, which is actually south, refers to the suburbs across the river. There are actually places where you have to go east to get to the west bank.
Louisiana is the only American state that has parishes instead of counties. When Louisiana became a state in , it was the first, and only, state where non-English speaking people were the majority. So, you see, their street signs are really not in a foreign language. You are speaking the foreign language.
I guess the whole thing is clear now, how dat? Photos: Google Images. Memphis, Tennessee has the dubious standing of being the city in which Dr. Memphis also has the honor of housing a world-class museum that pays tribute to Dr. King and the nonviolent human rights movement he was at the helm of at the time of his death.
February is Black History Month, which seemed like an ideal time to revisit the National Civil Rights Museum after its post-renovation reopening in The museum, built around the site where the murder took place—the balcony of the Lorraine Motel—originally opened in From its beginning, the permanent and special exhibits that focus on the struggle for equal rights were authentic and beautifully implemented.
Since the renovation, however, they are more inclusive and interactive. Visitors can crouch into the hull to get an idea of the misery of such a voyage. All of the galleries, thoughtfully laid out, demonstrate how humans were treated as objects and how their ultimate resistance against cruelty and captivity began. A combination of three-dimensional sculpture, film footage, recordings and authentic, preserved objects follow the struggle for equality. Reconstruction, the Jim Crow laws, the fight for quality education, equal pay and the move for human rights, in general, are innovatively brought to life.
Multiple television sets of the era show broadcasts about the Kennedy assassination and the horrific events on the Edmund Pettus Bridge on Sunday, March 7, Films and recordings of the sit-ins at lunch counters throughout the South shed a light on the hatred exhibited by fellow human beings. The landmark Brown vs. Actual film footage from Bloody Sunday shows the beatings of peaceful protesters such as now Representative John Lewis. Each vignette gradually slopes upward to the conclusion of the exhibit, the rooms that Dr.
King and his fellow movement leaders occupied and the balcony outside his room on which he was fatally shot. The boarding house across the street is also part of the tour, where the room rented by alleged shooter James Earl Ray and the bathroom from which the fatal shot was fired have been preserved. The museum offers a unique and reasonably complete look into a huge and an essential piece of American history.
It also provides a wonderful opportunity for self-reflection. From until millions lost their jobs, the stock market crashed, bread lines wound around every corner and hope was nigh impossible to be found. But through it all during that dismal period, brief time-outs could be enjoyed and a chuckle, a laugh, even a guffaw gave the dimmest bit of hope and a reason to struggle through another day. It brought the entire country together, providing connection between the furthermost parts of America.
Free entertainment, timely news, cultural events and laughter were now available at the touch of a button, and even people in the isolated, rural South were connected with the world. Most were aired in the afternoon when housewives would be the likely audience, and they were paid for with commercials aimed at these housewives, particularly soap commercials. Western film star Gene Autry and Guy Lombardo and his orchestra were in great demand with the urban population, while the tinny, twangy sound of the Grand Ole Opry was fashionable with the over-all and denim-clad inhabitants of the rural South and West.
Little did they know that events half a world away would engulf them, end the Depression and change their lives forever. Movies allowed Southerners a respite from their rural existence, and for an hour and a half, a brief glimpse of the life of highbrow society. Board games became immensely popular as a free way to have fun, requiring only time and friends with whom to share a good time.
Sometimes, they would take weeks to finally solve, with people working on them at various times. During the darkest of times people who were determined to overcome difficult situations found a way to prevail. Humor, fun and entertainment were not a luxury, but a necessity. All in a Name by Gary Wright. Indeed, there are some unusual place names around the world, but, here in the South we have more than our share of unusual, comical, strange, and downright weird names of places. Some of these names were intended to be funny from the outset, some were named in the context of the past, and passing time has rendered them amusing or completely out of context.
Others were titled for family names that were common at the time, but, are considered archaic or curious nowadays. The origin of some has been lost in the midst of time. The entire area is so hilly and forested that it is quite inhospitable. It was dubbed so when a preacher found his way into this area. When he went home his peers asked him where he went.
He never served cream with his coffee, believing it ruined the taste. When it came time to name the town, the best known sign in town was used. War, West Virginia is located in Ware County and was incorporated in It is the only place in the United States with this name. It has the distinction of being the southern-most city in West Virginia.
The origin of the name Toad Suck, Arkansas is disputed, as you might suspect. Little remains of the community except for an operation ferry which regularly crosses the Arkansas River. Locals will tell you this creek was named due to an early settler who is said to have lived at the mouth of the waterway who was. One was at the top of a small hill, the other at the bottom. According to an article nearly 30 years ago in the county newspaper, the Advance Yeoman , the area acquired its unique name around the turn of the 20th century.
A common put-down joke in the region is to provide directions to the disliked city of Paducah. Located in Toombs County, it was incorporated in Big Butt Mountain, North Carolina is really an officially named place in the western part of the state. Located in Barren County. People with an affinity for the number 8 descended upon the town from various parts of the nation and world, and the celebration was televised on national television. He had little faith in the legibility of his own handwriting and thought that using numbers would solve the problem.
He then reached into his pocket and came up with 88 cents, thus solving the problem of naming the town. The origin of the name Two Egg, Florida is obscure at best. It is located in Jackson County. Some believe poor families during the Great Depression would trade eggs for goods at the local store, while others say two eggs were dropped by accident, causing the name to be selected.
It was to experience the warm sunrise across a misty lake in early spring; to witness a golden sunset through the barren trees in a crisp winter. The summers were longer in the South of my childhood, the evenings went on until midnight, and the food tasted better. Summer in the South was where we smelled the blended sweet aromas of honeysuckle and wisteria, where lightning bugs were called fireflies, and they were collected in a bottle for storing up light. It was a place where an imaginary childhood realm still existed close enough to dream about, but once childhood was over, it was too far away ever to be reached again.
The South of my youth was the place where we ate grits with a pat of butter and a dash of Louisiana hot sauce. It was a place where we knew what hominy was and how to make grits out of it, and we eventually learned to love succotash. An appreciation of the fine taste of Sunday chicken fried in real lard came as second nature. We grew up appreciating the resonated sound of the Dobro guitar, and, sometime in mid-youth, we learned to kiss. Almost everyone in the South either lived on a farm or knew someone who did.
Either way, we learned to run a trot line and the difference between a fox squirrel and a gray squirrel. We learned when hunting season was and where the Game Warden was not. Girls learned how to crochet in Home Ec. It taught us how to survive in the deep woods and on the mean streets. We sorted out the issue of loving the Lord and hating the Devil in Sunday school because we likely slept during preaching. We paid attention in class, loved our country, stood and placed our hand over our hearts for the National Anthem, said a blessing at each meal, and ate what was put in front of us without belly-aching.
The South caused us to live life like each day was the last and made us respect the military and join up if we were needed. We worked after school and saved our money to buy our first cars, and purchases were made on layaway, if necessary. People never asked for a handout but were never too proud to accept help if needed. We learned the pledge of allegiance at school, the Ten Commandments at church, and Miranda rights only from TV crime dramas.
Tom Hendrix passed away on February 24, He was 83 years old. To pay tribute to him and the amazing tribute HE paid to his great-great grandmother, we wanted to re-publish his story. So He Built a Wall: Revisited. We all know the story of the first Thanksgiving at Plymouth. After enduring a harsh year, the settlers prepared a dinner to celebrate their survival, and Native Americans nearby were included. In subsequent years, however, cordiality between the colonists and their red skinned fellow-men went south—or west, as it were.
In the course of that inexcusable expulsion, two young Yuchi girls living near the Tennessee River in northwest Alabama managed to stay hidden for an unknown period. Not surprisingly, however, Te-lah-nay and her sister, Whana-le were eventually discovered and were herded into a stockade where metal tags bearing a number on one side, and the US Army emblem on the other were hung around their necks. Ultimately, they too, were forced to a reservation in Muskogee, Oklahoma, with Te-lah-nay wearing government ID tag number 59 and Whana-le number Out of 55, Native Americans who were removed from that part of the country, Te-lah-nay would be the only one who could prove her removal and finally her return.
But the rivers in Oklahoma were silent. Te-la-nay longed for the river and the place of her birth, and after one winter in Oklahoma, she made the radical decision to return. I cannot. If I stay in this dark place, I will die. Once there, she was, of course, forced to remain hidden, but she eventually married a white man and had several children. Because she died at an early age, her grandmother said she had walked herself to death. We honor our ancestors with stones. And honor her he did. For over thirty-five years, Tom Hendrix lovingly placed eight and a half million pounds of sandstone, limestone, and field stone one stone at a time, to form the longest non-mortared wall in the country, each stone representing a step Te-lah-nay took on her journey home.
The limestone and sandstone were found along the banks of the Tennessee River, and the field stone was left behind after farmers had cleared their land. The faces are natural holes worn in soft limestone from centuries of bumping along at the edge of the Tennessee River. They seem to say to visitors that spirits are ever-present among the rocks and that this place should be treated with respect. Surrounded by white and red oak, sweet gum and beech trees, the wall is often built around them, showing deference. Red prayer ribbons are seen hanging in many of the trees, and often visitors will leave gifts of shells or feathers lying on one of the benches.
Sadly, some guests also leave their trash. The shape, height, and width of the wall changes to reflect the obstacles Te-leh-nay encountered. The height varies from four feet to six and a half or seven feet in some places. A circular wall—a prayer circle—is built at the entrance to the other side. It is called Ishatae…a quiet place. Indicating the circle of life, it is made up of four levels of stone—expressing birth, life, death, and rebirth. I noticed a distinct circulation of cold air in several places as I walked through the side of the wall which represents the walk to Oklahoma.
There is no advertisement for the Wichahpi Commemorative Stone Wall. It belongs to all people. You are just the keeper. Although Mr. Hendrix has passed away, the wall is still open to the public between and daily. Heroes, civil rights heroes and heroines, number in the hundreds, nay thousands — tens of thousands — from the s alone.
There, hooded hoodlums and Klansmen cops dispensed pain to prophets, wounds to warriors, and evil to any who courageously worked for racial equality. Jesus was an African-American in the 60s. Anti-Christ Christians and other hate-filled citizens murdered him— again, and again and, again.
King on Golgotha in Philadelphia, Mississippi in ? Pray tell, how did he die in September of ? All of these are heroes, fallen heroes, national heroes, and heroes of mine. There are thousands more. For their revolutionary bravery they were promptly arrested, jailed for 30 days, and charged with breach of peace. They, too, were arrested immediately and incarcerated for 28 days in the county jail. Even with a high school education, southern blacks could not, as a rule, expect to earn a fair, living wage. To be denied the opportunity to earn a high school diploma represented cruel and unusual punishment, a sentence of raw poverty for life.
For their actions, they were cursed, beaten and kicked by cops and other fine Christian citizens, then arrested. But they were afraid. Jailed again, this time for her role in the student march, Brenda and the other students sang and prayed through the night. My family, nobody knew where I was. My family suffered. Though sentenced to a year in reformatory school, the young teenager was released before completing her full term, under one condition established by the Governor: she must leave the state within 24 hours of her release!
Following 45 years of exile, Brenda returned to Mississippi, June 21, , for the 45 th anniversary of the direct action against segregation in the state. Determined, I got in my automobile, pulled out of my driveway, and drove ten hours from my home in Texas to find Brenda in McComb. I had something to say to her; I had something to give her. Following two days of recognition, speeches, awards ceremonies, and a moving graduation exercise, nearly a half-century too late for the expelled seniors of the Burgland High Class of , and a final stirring address to a full house by Brenda Travis, the right moment arrived for me to approach Brenda.
My heart raced. I grew up in McComb. You are a hero of mine. I was 12 years old when you sat-in at the bus station and marched on City Hall. You were Those remain, for me, two of the greatest acts of bravery I have witnessed in my lifetime. Thank you, Randall. I am ashamed; I am embarrassed; I am angry. I am also changed by you, by your life, your courage, and your cries for justice.
Your witness, and the courageous work of your sisters and brothers, has been a huge influence upon my life. Her eyes filled with tears. We hugged. Sometimes, in an imperfect world one, might need to fight for his country. But no one — no one — should ever have to fight her country! Nodding humbly in silent agreement, brown eyes floating in tears, Brenda stood still, we both did, planted quietly on holy ground. You were so many times more heroic than I ever was! I want you to have my Bronze Star, Brenda, for your heroism. You already have my admiration and my heart.
Southern Fried Chicken. A fourth-century Roman cookbook, Apicius offered a recipe for deep-fried chicken called Pullum Frontonianum. The fried chicken that we know today is a marriage of the Scottish version, which was fried in fat, and the West African method, which was battered and cooked in palm oil. No food is safe from frying in our world. There are enough fried chicken chains across the country though to convince me that even the healthiest eaters occasionally indulge in our claim to fame.
But in the South, most of us eat it without shame, so much so that you can sometimes find great fried chicken even in our grocery stores. The very best of the crispy skinned fowl, however, can almost always be located in small, locally owned restaurants or off-the-beaten-path cafes. A secret fried chicken recipe developed in the early s in a small restaurant space in the town square of Mason, Tennessee, is now legendary.
When Napoleon Bonner and his wife Maggie first started serving their spicy hot chicken, it became so popular with the locals, that enough funds were raised by the community to enable them to build a small cafe on Highway 70 in Mason, to increase their visibility. The little shack that his father had built burned to the ground in , but once again, the community rallied and raised funds to rebuild the structure, upon request from Vernon, precisely as it had been built initially — sloping floors and all.
The restaurant on Highway 70 in Eads is still in operation, and there are multiple locations in Memphis. Congealed Salad. But, we southerners grabbed onto the concept and ran with it. The gelatinous concoctions are also made using plain gelatin, combined with chicken, tuna, beef, or juices — for example, spiced tomato juice for Tomato Aspic. I am nothing, if not determined. Perfect for Thanksgiving or Christmas.
Dissolve gelatin in juices heated from the cherries and the pineapple. Then add the cokes, cherries, pineapple, and nuts. Grate the frozen cream cheese over the top of the mold or molds to give the appearance of snow. Place in the refrigerator to congeal. Serves They came from many states and multiple countries. They were police officers, fire fighters, National Guard units, Swat teams, the Cajun Navy, ordinary citizens, and even television crews. They utilized municipal trucks, military trucks, monster trucks, and dump trucks; they skippered large boats, small boats, john boats, ski boats, fishing boats, air boats, canoes, and jet skis.
They were the heroes and heroines of the Hurricane Harvey rescue effort, and they employed whatever means they could to help bring their fellow human beings to safety. Many of the victims of the recent flood have been through this horrible catastrophe before, hoping against hope that it would never happen to them again, but, sadly, it has. Some residents of the area have, in the past, escaped the grim ruin and loss that results from a severe tropical storm, but regrettably, not this time.
The harsh reality of recovery will be too much for some — rightfully so — and they will relocate, rather than rebuild. They will be aided by friends and family, and they will also likely receive assistance from sources they have never met — and probably never will. Not only have people lost all of their possessions, and their homes are damaged beyond belief, but schools and businesses have been critically damaged or destroyed. Hope, however, almost immediately began to materialize during the early hours of the reality of the destruction of Harvey.
High profile entertainers and businesses have donated untold amounts of money to the relief effort. All registered HISD students will eat all school meals for free during the — school year. The generosity of spirit, financial aid, and goods from people across the country and elsewhere has been awe-inspiring during this catastrophic event, demonstrating, yet again, the undying — yet often buried under political and religious differences — human bond.
When tragedy strikes, basic kindness, more often than not, outmatches the tendency to do nothing or to exploit a situation. Soon after Harvey began dumping water, the owner of a mattress company opened his doors to provide shelter for the evacuees and to offer some badly needed rest for the National Guard units. A beer manufacturer switched from canning beer to canning water to help victims. Bakers baked bread and gave it away. Barbers gave free shaves and cuts in evacuation centers. Medical professionals from other cities provided their services for no monetary compensation. Not only was the Humane Society rescuing animals from roof tops and attics, but ordinary people were moving them in Tupperware containers.
Witnessing these compassionate, sympathetic, and generous gestures during this recovery effort, offers a glimmer of hope for the recovery of the human race. In the face of the frightening, troubled, divisive world in which we find ourselves, optimism is badly needed. The extraordinary acts of human kindness that began even before the storm hit and before the horrific damage became evident, offers that promise.
I vote for erecting monuments to honor human benevolence. The flood waters in Texas and Louisiana are receding, but the support continues, as people recognize that the need will be there for a long, long time to come. As Hurricane Irma is already wreaking havoc and threatens to be one of the worst hurricanes in our history, the relief effort there has already begun. Below is an article published on Facebook that offers some valuable advice on how to help the victims of these catastrophic events. A flooded home is a traumatic event.
Like any trauma, it is tricky to know how to help someone experiencing such a terrible ordeal. The second flood came just days after completing the restoration and decoration of our house from the first flood. If cruelty was a color, we saw red for a long time. Flood victims often experience what I liken to shell-shock meets heart break meets chaos. The good news is that if you want to help someone who has flooded, the best way is to show up. Helping the flooded comes with an understanding that this is a marathon, not a sprint.
So pace your help and pace yourself. Be the tortoise. One day drop off something and say hi. Another day work for an hour or two. And another day have them over for dinner on a weekend. If you can only do one thing, one time, then do it. No act of showing up is too small.
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Dropping off a hot cup of coffee will be remembered for years to come. Jennifer Castillo De Williams and I will never forget when someone we hardly knew drove up to the side of our yard. She rolled down her window and handed over a giant bag of Chick-fil-A. She smiled, offered her sympathies and drove off.
We were exhausted, caked in mud, and heart broken, and in that moment, Chick-fil-A never tasted so good. We promised we would remember how simple gestures like this meant so much to us at the time. They offered beautiful brief moments of normalcy in between many long abnormal ones.
Help of this kind is fairly easy. Try to work it into your weekday or weekend routines. Plan ways to make thoughtful gestures for anyone you know who has flooded. When you flood, you might as well be on Mars. Everything that was easy and familiar is now complex and foreign. Simple tasks get sucked into massive black holes of work. Then there are the things of sentimental value: the drawings from the kids; the shoes they wore on their first step; the wedding album.
You will have some good, long cries as you toss them out en masse. For me, it brought a little less whining. Be aware there is something unsettling that lingers for some club members. So try to give the flooded a few moments of peace in what feels like a surreal unprovoked war. Be aware that if you are using hazardous solvents for cleaning you may need half-face respirators with cartridges. Concrobium brand mold control spray kills and prevents mold. It is sold at Home Depot and other home supply places. Remember to wear a face mask when you spray the studs to kill and prevent mold after damaged sheet rock has been removed.
Buy several kinds of fast foods and just leave it. Someone will eat it and be thankful. This is an emotionally difficult thing and process. People would come by and put a bunch of dirty clothes in a bag, wash, and return them folded to us -Write tasks that need to be done on big post it notes and put them on the wall near the entrance of the house or a pop-up table so people coming in can grab one and do the task. But there are exceptions. Clothes, for example, can usually be cleaned.
Photos and other documents and sometimes be dried out too. I remember the first day after we flooded. I was still looking at all the loss, so I struggled to give him any useful direction. Hours later we had piles in the yard, and the house was beginning to clean out. I have many examples of people who came from nowhere to help us in many ways, then left without ever knowing their names to thank. No one who has flooded wants to live with someone else or use their stuff. The best thing you can do is quietly insist and get to it.
For those who are too far away from Houston to physically show up, there are a number of places to donate money. I like this one by the Texan football player JJ Watts. There is a lot to unpack here. For those who made it this far down the post, I hope you found it helpful. There were so many people who opened their hearts, homes, and hardworking hands to us that I still get overwhelmed by their generosity. People are a lot of things, but what we witnessed in our hours, days, weeks, and months of need was on the pure side of love.
Our thoughts and prayers are with the people of Texas as they endure nothing short of a disaster. Whenever I have a case of the blues, or even full blown melancholy, I take a ham hock and a pound of spicy smoked sausage out of the freezer and put two cups of red beans in a pan to soak.
Thawing and soaking take eight hours, cooking another two, but the red beans and rice provide comfort which passes all understanding. Red beans and rice is part of my culture. Let the good times roll. Last October I bought 10 lbs. Today while the red beans soak, I listen to the radio, read the papers, follow the news online and press the redial button. Please try later.
Finally friends drove her and the dogs to Baton Rouge, picking up another distressed dog on the way. Every few hours I go to www. The other was a terrorist attack on New York City.